Rhodium(0) nanoparticles supported on hydroxyapatite nanospheres and further stabilized by dihydrogen phosphate ion: A highly active catalyst in hydrogen generation from the methanolysis of ammonia borane

2015-09-07
Ozhava, Derya
Özkar, Saim
Rhodium(0) nanoparticles, supported on nanosized hydroxyapatite (Rh(0)/nanoHAP), were prepared by ion exchange of Rh+3 ions with Ca+2 ions of hydroxyapatite, followed by reduction of the resulting Rh+3/nanoHAP precatalyst during the catalytic methanolysis of ammonia borane (AB) in the presence of tetrabutylammonium dihydrogen phosphate (TBAP) at room temperature. Rh(0)/nanoHAP were characterized by a combination of advance analytical techniques including ICP-OES, XRD, TEM, EDX, XPS, ATR-IR and N-2 adsorption-desorption. Rh(0)/nanoHAP with an average particle size of 4.7 +/- 0.8 nm were found to be highly active catalyst in hydrogen generation from the methanolysis of AB liberating 3.0 equivalent H-2 per mole of AB. They provide 26,000 turnovers in hydrogen generation from the methanolysis of AB over 23 h before deactivation and an initial TOF value of 147 min(-1) which is the highest TOF value ever reported for the methanolysis of AB using rhodium catalyst at 25.0 +/- 0.5 degrees C. Carbon disulfide poisoning experiment demonstrates that Rh(0)/nanoHAP catalyzed methanolysis of AB is a heterogeneous catalysis. This study also covers the detailed kinetics of the methanolysis of AB catalyzed by Rh(0)/nanoHAP depending on stabilizer concentration, catalyst concentration and temperature. The apparent activation energy of the catalytic reaction was calculated from the evaluation of temperature dependent kinetic data: E-aapp = 56 +/- 2 kJ/mol. Copyright (C) 2015, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Citation Formats
D. Ozhava and S. Özkar, “Rhodium(0) nanoparticles supported on hydroxyapatite nanospheres and further stabilized by dihydrogen phosphate ion: A highly active catalyst in hydrogen generation from the methanolysis of ammonia borane,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol. 40, no. 33, pp. 10491–10501, 2015, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/35907.