Rheological evaluation of polymers as drilling fluids

Polymers are recently found and still developing materials to overcome some drilling problems where conventional drilling fluids are not satisfactory enough. Simply, they are the best materials to use since they are non-toxic and do not cause serious environmental problems. In addition, polymeric drilling fluids may have properties such as better carrying capacity, less fluid loss, and thinner filtration cake depending on their composition and concentration. In this research, rheological parameters of two different bentonite types (API, non-API), and two different polymers (XC and PAC) at ten different concentrations (between 0% and 1% in weight) were determined. Experiments were carried out to observe for changes not only in rheological parameters like viscometer readings, but also in mud weight, pH, fluid loss and filtration cake. Three sets of experiments were performed for each mixture to reduce the experimental errors and to see the repeatability. Finally a software is developed for rheological model identification.
Petroleum Science and Technology


Empirical correlations for estimating filtrate volume of water based drilling fluids
Ozbayoglu, Evren; Gunes, Cagri; Apak, Esat C.; Kök, Mustafa Verşan; Iscan, A. Gurkan (Informa UK Limited, 2005-03-01)
Standard American Petroleum Institute (API) filter press is generally used for identifying the filtrate volume of drilling fluids and works only at very low pressures. In fact, during a drilling operation, at downhole conditions, the pressures encountered are significantly higher than what is used during standard API filter press tests. A relationship between the well-known fluid properties and the filtrate volume test is developed. In this study, experiments have been conducted for different water-clay mix...
Pressure Loss at the Bit While Drilling with Foam
Ozbayoglu, E. M. (Informa UK Limited, 2009-01-01)
Foam is one of the most frequently used drilling fluids at underbalanced drilling operations. As foam flows, due to the pressure drop, a volumetric expansion is observed, which causes the foam quality to increase in the same direction with flow. Flow of foams through circular pipes and annular geometries are well studied. Interestingly, although one of the major sources of pressure drop is at the bit, there have been few studies of this subject for foams. Many drilling parameters including hole cleaning cap...
Sensitivity Analysis of Major Drilling Parameters on Cuttings Transport during Drilling Highly-inclined Wells
Ozbayoglu, E. M.; Miska, S. Z.; Takach, N.; Reed, T. (Informa UK Limited, 2009-01-01)
In this study, a layered cuttings transport model is developed for high-angle and horizontal wells, which can be used for incompressible non-Newtonian fluids as well as compressible non-Newtonian fluids (i.e., foams). The effects of major drilling parameters, such as flow rate, rate of penetration, fluid density, viscosity, gas ratio, cuttings size, cuttings density, wellbore inclination and eccentricity of the drillsting on cuttings transport efficiency are analyzed. The major findings from this study are,...
Rheological and thermal analysis of bentonites for water base drilling fluids
Kök, Mustafa Verşan (Informa UK Limited, 2004-02-01)
The objective of this research is to investigate the rheological and thermal properties of bentonites for water base drilling fluids. Rheological experiments were performed with 4 different bentonite samples and clay percentages, cation-exchange capacity (CEC), swelling volume, pH, and physical and rheological properties of the samples are determined. The thermal behaviors of bentonite samples were investigated using simultaneous thermogravimetry (TG/DTG) and differential thermal analysis (DTA) techniques. ...
Performance analysis of drilling fluid liquid lubricants
Sonmez, Ahmet; Kök, Mustafa Verşan; Ozel, Reha (Elsevier BV, 2013-08-01)
Excessive torque is one of the most important problems in oil/gas drilling industry. Friction between wellbore/casing and drill string causes excessive torque. This study discusses performance analysis of drilling fluid lubricants, which are used as friction reducers in well-bores. Three different types of chemical commercial lubricants, which are fatty acid and glyceride based, triglyceride and vegetable oil based and polypropylene glycol based, diesel oil, and crude oil, which consists of different API gr...
Citation Formats
M. V. Kök, “Rheological evaluation of polymers as drilling fluids,” Petroleum Science and Technology, pp. 113–123, 2003, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/36182.