Evaluation of multivariate adaptive non-parametric reduced-order model for solving the inverse electrocardiography problem: a simulation study

Onak, Onder Nazim
Serinağaoğlu Doğrusöz, Yeşim
Weber, Gerhard Wilhelm
In the inverse electrocardiography (ECG) problem, the goal is to reconstruct the heart's electrical activity from multichannel body surface potentials and a mathematical model of the torso. Over the years, researchers have employed various approaches to solve this ill-posed problem including regularization, optimization, and statistical estimation. It is still a topic of interest especially for researchers and clinicians whose goal is to adopt this technique in clinical applications. Among the wide range of mathematical tools available in the fields of operational research, inverse problems, optimization, and parameter estimation, spline-based techniques have been applied to inverse problems in several areas. If proper spline bases are chosen, the complexity of the problem can be significantly reduced while increasing estimation accuracy. However, there are few studies within the context of the inverse ECG problem that take advantage of this property of the spline-based approaches. In this paper, we evaluate the performance of Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines (MARS)-based method for the solution of the inverse ECG problem using two different collections of simulated data. The results show that the MARS-based method improves the inverse ECG solutions and is "robust" to modeling errors, especially in terms of localizing the arrhythmia sources.