Improving electrochromic properties via copolymerization

Taskin, Asli Tuba
Balan, Abidin
Udum, Yasemin Arslan
Toppare, Levent Kamil
Copolymers of 5,8-di(1H-pyrrol-2-yl)-2,3-di(thiophen-2-yl) quinoxaline (PTQ) in the presence of 2,2'-bis(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (BiEDOT) and 4,7-bis(2,3-dihydrothieno[3,4-b][1,4] dioxin-5-yl)-2-dodecyl-2H-benzo[1,2,3] triazole (BEBT) were synthesized via the potentiodynamic method in a tetrabutylammonium perchlorate/dichloromethane (TBAP/DCM) (0.1 M) solvent-electrolyte couple. P(PTQ-co-BiEDOT) reveals an oxidation potential at +0.45 V and a reduction potential at -0.2 V (figure 1(a)), whereas the homopolymer, P(PTQ) has an oxidation potential of +0.55 V and a reduction potential of +0.1 V. Spectroelectrochemical behaviors and the switching ability of copolymers were investigated by ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry. The spectroelectrochemical behaviors of the P(PTQ-co-BiEDOT) and P(PTQ-co-BEBT) in comparison to the homopolymer revealed solid evidence of copolymerization based upon the differences in the spectral signatures. P(PTQ-co-BEBT) reveals 80% optical contrast at 1450 nm whereas the homopolymer achieves only 66% at 1460 nm. Coloration efficiency of P(PTQ-co-BEBT) was found to be 132 cm(2) C(-1) compared to 116 cm(2) C(-1) of the homopolymer at 100% full switch in the visible region. Switching times of the polymers were evaluated by kinetic studies upon measuring the per cent transmittance (%T) at the maximum contrast point. P(PTQ-co-BEBT) switches between the two extreme states in 0.5 s compared to 1.2 s for the homopolymer.


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Kolay, Merve; Tarkuc, Simge; Udum, Yasemin Arslan; Toppare, Levent Kamil (IOP Publishing, 2011-07-01)
Two new polythieno[3,4-b]pyrazine derivatives, poly-10,12-bis(4-hexylthiophen-2-yl)dibenzo[f,h]thieno[3,4-b]quinoxaline (PDBTQ) and poly-8,10-bis(4-hexylthiophen-2-yl)acenaphtho[1,2-b]thieno[3,4-e]pyrazine (PATP) were synthesized by electrochemical polymerization and their electrochemical properties reported. Electroactivity of the monomer and electrochemical redox behavior of its polymers were investigated by cyclic voltammetry. Spectroelectrochemical analysis was performed and the band gaps of the polymer...
Synthesis of aromatic poly(pyridinium salt)s and their electrochromic properties
Keshtov, M. L.; UDUM, YASEMİN; Toppare, Levent Kamil; Kochurov, V. S.; Khokhlov, A. R. (Elsevier BV, 2013-05-15)
Synthesis of a series of new conjugated electrochromic polymeric pyridinium salts containing main-chain triphenylamine and their electrochromic properties were demonstrated. All polymers exhibit intense UV absorptions at 336-338 nm in DMF and 340-343 nm in thin film form and fluorescence centered at 410-438 nm in DMF and 460-461 nm in thin film form. The electrochromic properties of the films were investigated by electrochemical and spectroelectrochemical methods. Reversible redox signals with stable electr...
Optoelectrochemical properties of poly(5,12-dihydrothieno[3 ',4 ':2,3][1,4] dioxocino[6,7-b]quinoxaline-co-2,2 ' bithiophene) and its electrochromic device application
Ak, Metin; Ak, Mine Sulak; GÜLLÜ, Mustafa; Toppare, Levent Kamil (IOP Publishing, 2007-12-01)
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Minicomposite unit bridging, which was experimentally determined to be the dominant toughening mechanism resulting in the R-curve behavior of the Al2O3-ZrO2 minicomposite-reinforced glass matrix optomechanical composite, was studied quantitatively using luminescence spectroscopy. Applied stress induced shift of the luminescence bands of the minicomposite reinforcement was calibrated. Using the experimentally obtained calibration curve, axial stresses could be mapped along the minicomposite embedded in the g...
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Keleş, Ahmet; Tanatar, B. (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2008-02-01)
We study the ground-state properties of a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) with the short-range repulsion and gravitylike 1/r interatomic attraction in two-dimensions (2D). Using the variational approach, we obtain the ground-state energy and show that the condensate is stable for all interaction strenghts in 2D. We also determine the collective excitations at zero temperature using the time-dependent variational method. We analyze the properties of the Thomas-Fermi-gravity (TF-G) and gravity (G) regimes.
Citation Formats
A. T. Taskin, A. Balan, Y. A. Udum, and L. K. Toppare, “Improving electrochromic properties via copolymerization,” SMART MATERIALS & STRUCTURES, pp. 0–0, 2010, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: