Numerical modeling of visco-elasto-plastic hygro-thermal stresses and the effects of operating conditions on the mechanical degradation of PEFC membranes

Mehrtash, Mehdi
Tarı, İlker
Durability of membranes is one of the concerns for widespread commercialization of polymer electrolyte fuel cells. Effects of membrane swelling on the durability pose important challenges for the fabrication of the catalyst-coated membrane. This study provides insight into vulnerable locations of the membrane under hygrothermal loading, mechanical loading due to clamping and realistic conditions where a combination of both of these loadings are imposed. With a half rib-channel model, we simulate a polymer electrolyte fuel cell that operates under varying loads and clamping pressure. Model considers anisotropic diffusion in the gas diffusion layer as well as complex interactions of water transport dynamics between gas diffusion layers and the membrane. Mechanical responses of the membrane subject to conjugate hygro-thermo-mechanical loadings during typical scenarios of fuel cell operation reveal the effects of operating parameters as well as individual contributing factors on the development of local stresses in the membrane.


Numerical investigation of a stand alone solar hydrogen energy system effects of PEFC degradation
Ender, Ozden; Tarı, İlker (null; 2015-08-12)
An existing stand-alone solar energy system producing hydrogen for energy storage is numerically investigated focusing on the degradation of Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell (PEFC) and its effects on the overall performance of the system. The system consists of Photovoltaic (PV) panels, polymer electrolyte based electrolyzers, H2 and O2 storage tanks and a commercial PEFC stack. A PEFC is numerically investigated both as new and as degraded (for about two years). Using a variety of observed degradation pattern...
Numerical Investigation of thermal management of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells by flow arrangement
Şen, Fırat; Tarı, İlker (null; 2015-05-29)
SolidOxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) are electrochemical cells working at high temperatures. One of the important problems in planar SOFC designs is the non-uniformtemperature distribution on the plane of the cell due to the waste heat produced by electrochemical reactions. Another important problem of SOFCs is the low fuel utilization ratio. In this study, the effect of the flow arrangement on the temperature distribution, which causes the thermal stresses, and the met...
Novel structured electrolytes for solid oxide fuel cells
TİMURKUTLUK, BORA; Celik, Selahattin; Timurkutluk, Cigdem; Mat, Mahmut D.; Kaplan, Yuksel (2012-09-01)
Novel grate type electrolytes are designed and fabricated to improve the cell performance and to lower the operation temperature of intermediate temperature electrolyte supported solid oxide fuel cells based on scandium and ceria stabilized zirconia by partly reducing the electrolyte thickness. The characteristics of three different small size cells (11.62 cm(2) active area) having various electrolyte designs are investigated. A standard electrolyte supported cell is also produced as a base case for compari...
Development of 500 W PEM fuel cell stack for portable power generators
DEVRİM, YILSER; Devrim, Huseyin; Eroğlu, İnci (2015-06-29)
Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) portable power generators are gaining importance in emergency applications. In this study, an air-cooled PEMFC stack was designed and fabricated for net 500 W power output. Gas Diffusion Electrodes (GDE's) were manufactured by ultrasonic spray coating technique. Stack design was based on electrochemical data obtained at 0.60 V was 0.5 A/cm(2) from performance tests of a single cell having the same membrane electrode assemblies (MEA) that had an active area of 1...
Modeling of a high temperature PEM fuel cell
Sezgin, Berna; Eroğlu, İnci; Devrim, Yılser; Department of Chemical Engineering (2016)
High temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (HT-PEMFC) are considered as the next generation of fuel cells since high temperature operation for PEM fuel cells has several advantages such as single phase operation, high carbon monoxide tolerance, low or zero carbon emission and removal of some equipment from the system. In order to obtain high performances, HT-PEMFC systems should be optimized in terms of dimensions, materials, operating conditions and other parameters. Modeling can help to pre-...
Citation Formats
M. Mehrtash, İ. Tarı, and S. YEŞİLYURT, “Numerical modeling of visco-elasto-plastic hygro-thermal stresses and the effects of operating conditions on the mechanical degradation of PEFC membranes,” JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, pp. 164–174, 2018, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: