BEM and FEM based numerical simulations for biomagnetic fluid flow

We investigate numerically the biomagnetic fluid flow between parallel plates imposed to a magnetic source placed below the lower plate. The biomagnetic fluid is assumed to be Newtonian, viscous, incompressible, electrically nonconducting, and has magnetization varying linearly with temperature and magnetic field intensity. Both steady and unsteady, laminar, two-dimensional biomagnetic fluid flow equations taking into care the heat transfer between the plates are solved using both finite element and dual reciprocity boundary element methods. Treatment of nonlinear terms by using only the fundamental solution of the Laplace equation, and discretization of only the boundary of the region are the advantages of dual reciprocity boundary element method giving small algebraic systems to be solved at a small expense. Finite element method is capable of giving very accurate results by discretizing the region affected by the magnetic source very finely, but it results in large sized algebraic systems requiring high computational cost. The results indicate that the flow is appreciably affected with the presence of magnetic source in terms of vortices at the magnetic source area. The lengths of the vortices, and temperature increase with an increase in the intensity of the magnetic field.


Exact and FDM solutions of 1D MHD flow between parallel electrically conducting and slipping plates
Arslan, Sinem; Tezer, Münevver (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2019-08-01)
In this study, the steady, laminar, and fully developed magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) flow is considered in a long channel along with the z-axis under an external magnetic field which is perpendicular to the channel axis. The fluid velocity u and the induced magnetic field b depend on the plane coordinates x and y on the cross-section of the channel. When the lateral channel walls are extended to infinity, the problem turns out to be MHD flow between two parallel plates (Hartmann flow). Now, the variations of u...
Boundary element method solution of magnetohydrodynamic flow in a rectangular duct with conducting walls parallel to applied magnetic field
Tezer, Münevver; Bozkaya, Canan (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2008-03-01)
The magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) flow of an incompressible, viscous, electrically conducting fluid in a rectangular duct with one conducting and one insulating pair of opposite walls under an external magnetic field parallel to the conducting walls, is investigated. The MHD equations are coupled in terms of velocity and magnetic field and cannot be decoupled with conducting wall boundary conditions since then boundary conditions are coupled and involve an unknown function. The boundary element method (BEM) is ...
DRBEM Solution of MHD flow in a rectangular duct with time-varied external magnetic field
Ebren Kaya, Elif; Tezer, Münevver (Elsevier BV, 2020-08-01)
This paper investigates the flow behavior of a viscous, incompressible and electrically conducting fluid in a long channel subjected to a time-varied oblique magnetic field B-0(t) = B(0)f(t). The time-dependent MHD equations are solved by using the dual reciprocity boundary element method (DRBEM). The transient level velocity and induced magnetic field profiles are presented for moderate Hartmann number values, several direction of applied magnetic field and for several functions f(t) as polynomial, exponen...
Tezer, Münevver; ARIEL, PD (Wiley, 1988-01-01)
Flow of viscous, incompressible, electrically conducting fluid, driven by imposed electric currents has been investigated in the presence of a transverse magnetic field. The boundary perpendicular to the magnetic field is perfectly conducting partly along its length. Three cases have been considered: a) flow in the upper half plane when the boundary to the right of origin is insulating and that to the left is perfectly conducting, b) flow in the upper half plane when a finite length of the boundary is perfe...
DRBEM solution of the Cauchy MHD duct flow with a slipping perturbed boundary
Aydin, Cemre; Tezer, Münevver (Elsevier BV, 2018-08-01)
In this study, the MHD flow direct and Cauchy problems are solved in a rectangular duct with a perturbed, curved, and slip upper boundary. The aim is to recompute the slipping velocity and the slip length by using the asymptotic analysis with respect to the perturbation parameter e and solving MHD flow equations for the first order and the corrector solutions in the rectangular duct. Hence, without discretizing the curved boundary, we are able to obtain the solution of MHD flow in the duct with curved pertu...
Citation Formats
M. Tezer and C. Bozkaya, “BEM and FEM based numerical simulations for biomagnetic fluid flow,” ENGINEERING ANALYSIS WITH BOUNDARY ELEMENTS, pp. 1127–1135, 2013, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: