Turkish Muslim Healers: A Qualitative Investigation of Hocas and Their Methods

Canel Çınarbaş, Deniz
Ar-Karci, Yagmur
A vast majority of Turkish individuals are Muslim, and several Turkish individuals refer to traditional healers to get help for medical and psychological problems. The purpose of the present study was to investigate Turkish traditional healing methods and to delineate the kinds of presenting problems that the clients bring to healers, methods used by the healers, the healing process, and the effect of healing on the clients. For this purpose, 11 participants were interviewed. The data were analyzed using the consensual qualitative research method. Nine domains emerged from the interviews: symptoms, diagnosis, etiology, treatment, response to treatment, characteristics of healers, clients' beliefs and desire to be healed, all healing coming from Allah (God), and characteristics of jinns. The findings were discussed in light of Kleinman's (Patients and healers in the context of culture: an exploration of the borderland between anthropology, medicine, and psychiatry, University of California Press, Berkeley,1980) illness explanatory model and characteristics of Turkish culture.


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A previous study showed that Turkish and American clinicians and first and fourth year Turkish psychology students were similar to each other in terms of their attitudes toward mental patients. In the present study, first year psychology, science, and medical students were compared to see whether psychology students had more favorable attitudes towards mental patients. In addition, the relationship between the medical students' degree of preference for psychiatry and their attitudes was examined. Analysis o...
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Citation Formats
D. Canel Çınarbaş and Y. Ar-Karci, “Turkish Muslim Healers: A Qualitative Investigation of Hocas and Their Methods,” JOURNAL OF RELIGION & HEALTH, pp. 2397–2413, 2020, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/38015.