Morphology, anatomy, palynology, mericarp and trichome micromorphology of the rediscovered Turkish endemic Salvia quezelii (Lamiaceae) and their taxonomic implications

Atalay, Zeynep
Doğan, Musa
Salvia quezelii is a very little known local endemic species from Turkey. Since 2005, our revisional studies on the genus in Turkey have been shown that previously known two localities of the species including type locality are wrong, and the species has not been collected since 1970. In this study, the type locality of the species is amended and morphological description of the species is amplified and expanded based on large number of specimens. The anatomy, palynology, myxocarpy, mericarp micromorphology and distribution of the trichomes on the aerial parts of S. quezelii are studied for the first time to understand the usefulness of these characteristics for systematic purposes. Morphological characteristics of leaves, calyces, corollas and types of stamens are useful for sectional and specific delimitation in Salvia. Anatomical characters such as number of ray rows in roots, distance between vascular bundles in stems, mesophyll structures in leaves, shape of mid-rib and presence/absence of sclerenchymatic tissue in petioles provide information of taxonomical significance. Scanning electron microscopy studies on the pollen grains have revealed that they are oblate-spheroidal to prolate-spheroidal and their exine ornamentation is reticulate-perforate. Mericarps are broadly ovate to rotund, and surface sculpturing pattern is verrucate or slightly reticulate. Three main types of trichomes were observed on the stem, inflorescence axis, leaf and calyx surfaces of S. quezelii with very high diversity. They are peltate, capitate glandular and non-glandular. Capitate glandular and non-glandular trichomes were further subdivided into several kinds. Glandular trichomes are present in abundance on all vegetative parts, particularly in inflorescence axis.


Morphology, anatomy, palynology and nutlet micromorphology of the rediscovered Turkish endemic Salvia ballsiana (Lamiaceae) and their taxonomic implications
Kahraman, Ahmet; Doğan, Musa; Celep, Ferhat; AKAYDIN, GALİP; KOYUNCU, MEHMET (Wiley, 2010-01-01)
Salvia ballsiana (Rech. fil.) Hedge, previously known only from the type gathering, is a local endemic species from Turkey. The species was first collected from Golbasi (Malatya) by E. K. Balls in 1935, and was not collected again until 2008, when we found it in Gerger (Adiyaman). The diagnostic morphological characters of this rare endemic species are discussed, including its anatomical, palynological and nutlet micromorphological features. Morphological characteristics of leaves, calyces, corollas and typ...
Contribution to the knowledge of the pollen morphology of the genus Salvia (Lamiaceae)
ÖZLER, HÜLYA; KAHRAMAN, AHMET; PEHLİVAN, SEVİL; Doğan, Musa; BAŞER, BİROL; FİŞNE, AHTER; Bagherpour, Safi (Magnolia Press, 2020-01-14)
The pollen grains of 19 Turkish Salvia species in Aethiopis, Drymosphace, Hemisphace, Hymenosphace and Salvia sections, 13 of which are endemic to Turkey, were investigated, documented and illustrated through Light Microscopy (LM) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). This study provides pollen data of 14 species for the first time. The pollen grains of the species examined are monads, isopolar, radially symmetrical and hexacolpate, mostly medium in size, slightly elliptic to more or less circular in pola...
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Pseudophoxinus a freshwater fish genus shows remarkable diversification with high number of endemic species in Anatolia. Most of the species of the genus are categorized as endangered for conservation in IUCN Red List due to water abstraction and habitat destruction. The aim of the study is to investigate genetic and morphological structure of Pseudophoxinus populations using allozyme, microsatellite markers and geometric morphometrics (eight landmarks). Sample collection was performed from eight localities...
New Araucarian Conifer from the Late Cretaceous (Campanian-Maastrichtian) of Southeastern Turkey
Kvacek, Jiri; Yılmaz, İsmail Ömer; Hosgor, Izzet; Mendes, Mario Miguel (University of Chicago Press, 2019-07-01)
A new fossil conifer Araucaria rothwellii J.Kvaek from the Campanian-Maastrichtian marine sediments of the Bozova Formation in southeastern Turkey is described based on leaf compressions and leaf impressions. The new species is characterized by twigs possessing helically arranged broadly lanceolate leaves with attenuate apexes and slightly narrowed bases. Amphistomatic leaves bear stomata arranged in rows surrounded by four to six subsidiary cells; the rows are longitudinal to the leaf margin. Ordinary epid...
Citation Formats
F. CELEP, A. KAHRAMAN, Z. Atalay, and M. Doğan, “Morphology, anatomy, palynology, mericarp and trichome micromorphology of the rediscovered Turkish endemic Salvia quezelii (Lamiaceae) and their taxonomic implications,” PLANT SYSTEMATICS AND EVOLUTION, pp. 1945–1958, 2014, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: