Carob bean flour which contains significant amount of dietary fiber, amino acid and minerals can be an alternative flour to enrich nutritional value of gluten free cakes. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of partial replacement of rice flour by carob bean flour at different concentrations (10%, 20%, 30%) and addition of different types of gums (xanthan gum, and guar gum), on specific gravity and rheological properties of gluten free cake batters. In addition, quality of cakes (weight loss, porosity, specific volume, hardness) were investigated. All cake batters showed shear thinning behavior. Gum containing batters exhibited higher apparent viscosities. Xanthan gum added batters had lower hardness but higher specific volumes. Guar gum addition had a negative effect on all cake quality parameters except moisture loss. Cakes containing 20% carob bean flour achieved generally the best quality parameters. Therefore, cakes with 20% carob bean flour and xanthan gum can be recommended to be used in gluten free cakes for celiac patients.


Utilization of chestnut flour in gluten-free cakes
Demirkesen, Ilkem; Sumnu, Gulum; Şahin, Serpil (2011-12-01)
The inappropriate immune response to the certain grain proteins in wheat, barley, rye and possibly oat is called celiac disease. In order to produce gluten-free products, many scientists and manufacturers used flours obtained from different sources such as corn, soy, sorghum, buckwheat and chickpea. Furthermore, ingredients and gums such as emulsifiers, enzymes, dairy products, fibers and hydrocolloids were used to improve functional properties of gluten-free products. Chestnut flour can be a good alternati...
Effects of legume flours on batter rheology and cake physical quality
Aydoğdu, Ayça; ÖZKAHRAMAN, Canan; Şümnü, Servet Gülüm; Şahin, Serpil (2016-08-25)
Legumes are good sources of proteins, carbohydrates, dietary fibers and minerals. Therefore, legume flours can be a good choice to obtain functional foods. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of legume flours (lentil, chickpea and pea) on rheological properties of cake batter and quality of legume cakes. Wheat flour was replaced partially (20 and 30%) by lentil, chickpea and pea flour to develop legume cake formulations. As quality parameters, weight loss, specific volume, hardness and color were...
Effects of different starch types on retardation of staling of microwave-baked cakes
Seyhun, N; Şümnü, Servet Gülüm; Şahin, Serpil (2005-03-01)
Different types of starches (corn, potato, waxy corn, amylomaize and pregelatinized starches) were added to cake formulations to retard staling of microwave-baked cakes. As a control, cake formulated without any starch addition was used. Weight loss, firmness, volume index, specific gravity, soluble starch and amylose content of cakes were used as the indicators of staling and/or quality criteria. Variation of staling parameters during storage of cakes followed zero-order kinetics. Cakes were baked in a mic...
Effects of buckwheat flour, gums and proteins on rheological properties of gluten-free batters and structure of cakes
Yıldız, Eda; Şümnü, Servet Gülüm; Şahin, Serpil (Codon Publications, 2018-01-01)
The main objective of the study is to determine the effects of buckwheat flour concentration and different gum types (xanthan, guar gum) or proteins (soy protein and whey protein) on rheological properties of gluten-free cake batters and physical properties of cakes (weight loss, porosity, specific volume, hardness and macro structure). Gum containing batters exhibited higher apparent viscosities. More uniform distribution of gas cells were observed in whey protein containing samples compared to other batte...
Effect of high-pressure processing (HPP) on production and characterization of chia seed oil nanoemulsions
Kaya, Eda Ceren; Öztop, Halil Mecit; Alpas, Hami (2021-04-01)
© 2021 Elsevier LtdChia seed is a good source of protein, carbohydrate, fat, dietary fiber, antioxidants and contain poly unsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) higher than any other seed-based food sources. In this study, the extracted oil from chia seed by conventional and high pressure processing (HPP) extraction was used to prepare nanoemulsions. The spontaneous emulsification was approached at six concentrations (0.5, 1, 1.25, 1.5, 2.5 and 3% (w/w)) and four different surfactants to oil ratio (1,2,3 and 4 (w/w...
Citation Formats
E. BERK, S. G. Şümnü, and S. Şahin, “EFFECTS OF HYDROCOLLOIDS AND CAROB BEAN FLOUR ON RHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF BATTER AND CAKE QUALITY,” GIDA / THE JOURNAL OF FOOD, pp. 754–762, 2017, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/38042.