Gender, attachment orientations, rumination, and symptomatic distress: Test of a moderated mediation model

Turan, Numan
Hoyt, William T.
Erdur Baker, Özgür
The present study examined rumination as a fundamental cognitive mechanism mediating the risk factors in insecure attachment orientations to symptomatic distress, and gender was tested as moderator of this mediation mechanism. A sample of Turkish university students composed of 278 females and 308 males (N = 586, M-age = 22.43i SDage = 2.21) completed the self-report measures. Mediation and moderation analyses performed based on linear regression models partially supported the research hypotheses. Attachment orientations and rumination significantly predicted an increase in symptomatic distress. Rumination fully mediated the effect of secure and preoccupied attachment orientations, and partially mediated the effect of fearful-avoidant attachment on distress. Dismissive-avoidant attachment was related neither to rumination nor to symptomatic distress. Nonsignificant moderator findings supported equivalent mediation models for women and men, despite significant gender differences in levels of attachment, rumination, and distress. Rumination is a significant feature of preoccupied and fearful-avoidant attachment, and mediates their effects on distressed moods in the Turkish cultural context


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Dalak, Hatice; Erdur Baker, Özgür; Department of Educational Sciences (2015)
This study examined the relationship between help-seeking behavior and gender, self-stigma of seeking psychological help and internal working models of attachment. Sample was selected among university students and 307 of them responded to the study survey. There were three self-reported measures: Self-Stigma of Seeking Psychological Help Scale, Relationships Questionnaire, and Demographic Form. Logistic regression analysis has been implemented to examine the research question. According to the results, self...
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Taşkesen, Nureda; Barutçu Yıldırım, Kadriye Funda; Department of Educational Sciences (2022-7)
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Rejection Sensitivity, Self-Esteem Instability, and Relationship Outcomes The Mediating Role of Responsibility Attributions
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Psychological distress among university students: the role of mindfulness, decentering, reappraisal and emotion regulation
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This study sheds light on the extent to which the five facets of mindfulness (observing, describing, acting with awareness, nonjudging, and nonreactivity), decentering, and reappraisal predict psychological distress via emotion regulation difficulties. The study sample is comprised of 620 undergraduate students (429 females and 191 males). The participants' ages range between 18 and 30 years (M-age = 21.88, SD = 1.68). Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was employed to test the proposed model, which explain...
Citation Formats
N. Turan, W. T. Hoyt, and Ö. Erdur Baker, “Gender, attachment orientations, rumination, and symptomatic distress: Test of a moderated mediation model,” PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES, pp. 234–239, 2016, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: