Lined waste containment systems: A method for design and performance evaluation

The objective in designing lining systems for the containment of the leachate generated within a landfill is the prevention of contamination of groundwater and surface waters. The technology involving the design of these systems has progressed to a point that the integrity of the containment can be relied on over the long term. Double-lined systems provide the additional benefit of being able to quantify the performance of the lining system through the detection of leakage through the upper liner. The difficulty, however, lies with the qualitative evaluation of the system. This paper addresses this issue and offers a practical approach for the design and evaluation of double-lined systems and the leakage that is detected.


Performance-based landfill design: development of a design component selection matrix using GIS and system simulation models
Tarhan, B; Ünlü, Kahraman (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2005-11-01)
Designing environmentally safe and economically feasible landfills can be a challenging task due to complex interactions that need to be taken into account between landfill size, waste and site characteristics. The main focus of this study is, by interfacing the geographic information systems (GIS) with system simulation models (SSM), to develop a methodology and a landfill design component selection matrix that can enable the determination of landfill design components providing the desired performance wit...
Composite landfill liner design with Ankara clay, Turkey
Met, İlker; Akgün, Haluk (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2005-04-01)
This study presents an overview of the geotechnical properties of the clayey soils, referred to as "Ankara clay", at two sites of the Ankara region in an attempt to design a landfill profile composed of a high density polyethylene (HDPE) geomembrane/clay composite liner through the Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Performance (HELP) model and the Water Balance Method. The geotechnical properties of the landfill layers along with the water balance factors (i.e., evapotranspiration, precipitation, temperatur...
Contamination of the cement raw material in a quarry site by seawater intrusion, Darica-Turkey
Çamur, Mehmet Zeki (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2008-02-01)
The open pit mining nearby shoreline is planned to be extended into below sea level in order to use additional reserves of the cement raw material (marl). The raw material is currently contaminated by seawater intrusion below a depth of 20 m up to the distance of 90 m from shoreline. Seawater intrusion related contamination of the material used for the cement production was investigated by means of diffusion process for the future two below sea level mining scenarios covering 43 years of period. According t...
Comparison Of Three Uncertainty-Analysis Methods To Assess Impacts On Groundwater Of Constituents Leached From Land-Disposed Waste
Ünlü, Kahraman; Chong, P.K. (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 1995-02-01)
Assessment of the environmental fate and behavior of constituents that have the potential to leach from waste-disposal pits that are associated with petroleum exploration and production activities is a problem of interest to industry and regulatory agencies. A stochastic modeling approach for the migration of constituents in soil and groundwater was developed to assess the impact on groundwater at receptors that are downgradient from a waste pit. The model evaluates uncertainties in constituent concentrati...
Shear strength of municipal solid waste for stability analyses
Stark, Timothy D.; Huvaj Sarıhan, Nejan; Li, Guocheng (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2009-06-01)
This paper investigates the shear strength of municipal solid waste (MSW) using the back analysis of failed waste slopes as well as field and laboratory test results. Shear strength of MSW is a function of many factors such as waste type, composition, compaction, daily cover, moisture conditions, age, decomposition, overburden pressure, etc. These factors together with non-standardized sampling methods, insufficient sample size to be representative of in situ conditions, and limited shear displacement or ax...
Citation Formats
H. Akgün, “Lined waste containment systems: A method for design and performance evaluation,” ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY, pp. 209–214, 1997, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: