Effects of antimitotic agents on haploid plant production from unpollinated ovules of sugar beet (beta vulgaris l.)

Gürel, S.
Gürel, E.
Kaya, Zeki
Erdal, M.
Güler, E.
The effects of antimicrotubule agents on haploid embryo formation from unpollinated ovules of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) were investigated. The antimitotic agent colchicine (at 100 and 150 mg/l) and trifluralin (at 5.0 mg/l) increased the frequency of haploid embryo formation whereas pronamide (at 76.9 and 128.2 mg/l) and trifluralin (at 3.4 mg/l) decreased. Ovules that were non-treated with antimicrotuble agents (i.e., ovules of the control treatment) produced higher percentages of haploid embryos (4.25 %) when compared to the pronamide and trifluralin at 3.4 mg/l concentration. Toxic effects of these agents on embryo formation from ovules were evident. A significant genotypic variation among the lines used was observed. The line M4 produced the highest yield with a mean of 14.71% haploid embryo production while the line M2 producing no embryos at all.
Biotechnology and Biotechnological Equipment


Effects of pH and feeding strategy on metabolite profiling of beta-lactamase producing bacillus licheniformis
İler, Nazar; Çalık, Pınar; Department of Chemical Engineering (2005)
In this study, the effects of pH and different feeding modes on beta-lactamase production and cell metabolism were investigated with Bacillus licheniformis (ATCC 25972). For this purpose, first, the effects of pH on beta-lactamase activity, cell formation, substrate consumption, as well as intracellular sodium, potassium, ammonium ion, amino acid and organic acid concentrations were investigated in V= 3.0 dm3 batch bioreactors consisting of temperature, pH, foam, stirring rate and dissolved oxygen controls....
Influence of oxygen transfer on benzaldehyde lyase production by recombinant Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) pLySs
Angardi, Vahideh; Çalık, Pınar; Department of Chemical Engineering (2007)
In this study, the effects of oxygen transfer conditions on the synthesis of the enzyme benzaldehyde lyase as intracellular in recombinant E. coli BL21 (DE3) pLysS was investigated sistematically and a comprehensive model was developed to determine benzaldehyde lyase activity. For this purpose, the research program was carried out in mainly two parts. In the first part of study, the effects of oxygen transfer together with the mass transfer coefficient (KLa), enhancement factor E (=KLa/KLao), volumetric oxy...
Determination of metabolic bottlenecks using reaction engineering principles in serine alkaline protease production by recombinant bacillus sp.
Telli, İlkin Ece; Çalık, Pınar; Department of Chemical Engineering (2004)
In this study, firstly, bioprocess characteristics for Serine Alkaline Protease (SAP) production, using recombinant Bacillus subtilis carrying pHV1431::subC, were examined. The cell concentration, substrate concentration, SAP activity and SAP synthesis rate profiles demonstrated that the system reaches to a steady state in terms of cell growth and SAP synthesis between t=15-25 h, therefore, this time interval is appropriate to employ both metabolic flux analysis and metabolic control analysis, which apply s...
Comparison of benzaldehyde lyase production capacity in recombinant Escherichia coli and recombinant Bacillus species
Kaya, Hande; Çalık, Pınar; Department of Chemical Engineering (2006)
In this study, the benzaldehyde lyase (BAL, EC production in E. coli BL21 (DE3) pLySs as intracellular and in Bacillus species as extracellular were investigated, and comparison of the production capacity of the enzyme in the developed recombinant microorganisms were compared. For this purpose, firstly, PCR amplified bal gene was cloned into pRSETA vector which is under the control of strong T7 promoter and expressed in E. coli BL21 (DE3) pLysS strain. With developed recombinant E. coli BL21 (DE3)...
Purification, characterization, crystallization and preliminary x-ray structure determination of scytalidium thermophilum bifunctional catalase and identification of its catechol oxidase activity
Sutay, Didem; Bakır, Ufuk; Department of Chemical Engineering (2007)
In this study, the aim was identification and classification of the enzyme having phenol oxidase activity produced by a thermophilic fungus, Scytalidium thermophilum. For this purpose, enzyme production, purification, biochemical characterization and structural analysis by X-ray crystallography studies have been performed. At the beginning of the research, this enzyme was considered as a phenol oxidase and analyzed accordingly. However, during purification, amino acid sequencing and structural studies, the ...
Citation Formats
S. Gürel, E. Gürel, Z. Kaya, M. Erdal, and E. Güler, “Effects of antimitotic agents on haploid plant production from unpollinated ovules of sugar beet (beta vulgaris l.),” Biotechnology and Biotechnological Equipment, pp. 97–101, 2003, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/38513.