Sustainable textile production: cleaner production assessment/eco-efficiency analysis study in a textile mill

2016-12-01
Ozturk, Emrah
KÖSEOĞLU, Hasan
KARABOYACI, Mustafa
YİĞİT, Nevzat Özgü
Yetiş, Ülkü
KİTİŞ, Mehmet
Cleaner production assessment studies were carried out according to the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control and Industrial Emission Directive in a cotton/polyester fabric finishing-dyeing textile mill, located in Denizli, Turkey. Following detailed on-site process evaluation, environmental performance of the mill was evaluated. Data of the material flow and the energy consumption in all processes was collected. Mass-energy balances and specific input and output values based on the production processes were calculated. Also, a chemical inventory list was prepared and all material safety data sheets were collected. Environmental performance of the mill was benchmarked against similar textile mills in the literature. 92 Best Available Techniques options were listed. Each suggested BAT option was discussed with the mill management in terms of techno-economic applicability and implementation of 22 Best Available Techniques were decided. In the decision-making process, statistical Multi-criteria Decision Making Methods (Simple Ranking Method, Weighting Criteria Method, and Weighted Sum Method) were used. Moreover, technical and environmental performances, potential benefits and savings were determined with the implementation of identified 22 Best Available Techniques such as good management practices, water and energy consumption optimization-minimization techniques, chemical consumption optimization and substitution. These evaluations have revealed that after the implementation of suggested 22 Best Available Techniques, following reductions could be achieved if those techniques were implemented in the future: 43-51% water consumption, 11-26% energy consumption, 16-39% chemical consumption, 42-52% wastewater flowrate, 26-48% chemical oxygen demand load, 12-32% waste flue gas emissions, and 8-18% solid waste generation. Payback periods of the suggested Best Available Techniques were estimated as 1-26 months.
JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION

Suggestions

Analysis of the best available techniques for wastewaters from a denim manufacturing textile mill
YÜKSELER, hande; UZAL, NİĞMET; ŞAHİNKAYA, ERKAN; KİTİŞ, MEHMET; Dilek, Filiz Bengü; Yetiş, Ülkü (2017-12-01)
The present study was undertaken as the first plant scale application and evaluation of Best Available Techniques (BAT) within the context of the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control/Industrial Emissions Directive to a textile mill in Turkey. A "best practice example" was developed for the textile sector; and within this context, BAT requirements for one of the World's leading denim manufacturing textile mills were determined. In order to achieve a sustainable wastewater management; firstly, a detail...
Sustainable textile production: a case study from a woven fabric manufacturing mill in Turkey
Alkaya, Emrah; Demirer, Göksel Niyazi (Elsevier BV, 2014-02-15)
The aim of this research was to investigate the applicability of different sustainable production measures and demonstrate environmental and economical benefits in a woven fabric manufacturing mill in Bursa, Turkey. As a result of an Environmental Performance Evaluation (EPE) evaluation, five sustainable production applications were proposed and implemented to decrease water consumption, wastewater generation, energy consumption, greenhouse gas emissions and salt (NaCl) consumption in the company. As a resu...
Emission factors of cement industry in Turkey
Canpolat, BR; Atımtay, Aysel; Munlafalioglu, I; Kalafatoglu, E; Ekinci, E (2002-07-01)
PM, SO2, NO2 and CO emissions were measured by Turkish Cement Manufacturers' Association (TCMA) in cement plants by using standard techniques and equipment since 1997. Emission factors (EF) were calculated by using these available data for the cement sector. The emission factors were found both for cement and grinding-packing plants separately. The results of the study were compared with international emission factors. It was observed that Turkish Cement Sector's particulate matter emission factors are high...
Ozonation pre and post-treatment of denim textile mill effluents: Effect of cleaner production measures
Morali, E. Kaan; UZAL, NİĞMET; Yetiş, Ülkü (2016-11-20)
Denim production, which is one of the leading sub-sectors of textile industry that generates considerable amount of wastewater with high pollution load both from dyeing and finishing processes. This sub-sector is therefore to consider cleaner production opportunities for these processes to reduce its wastewater generation and pollution load. In a denim-producing plant, the wastewater treatability studies have revealed that the most technically applicable cleaner production alternatives are caustic recovery ...
Reducing water and energy consumption in chemical industry by sustainable production approach: a pilot study for polyethylene terephthalate production
Alkaya, Emrah; Demirer, Göksel Niyazi (2015-07-15)
In this study, a polyethylene terephthalate manufacturing plant was subjected to environmental performance evaluation and analyses/benchmarking of water consumption. The objective was to determine processes/practices where significant water and related energy saving potential was present. Based on evaluations and analyses, a technology change was realized in heat transfer systems from water-to air-cooled process. As a result of the applications, soft cooling water consumption of the company was reduced by 4...
Citation Formats
E. Ozturk, H. KÖSEOĞLU, M. KARABOYACI, N. Ö. YİĞİT, Ü. Yetiş, and M. KİTİŞ, “Sustainable textile production: cleaner production assessment/eco-efficiency analysis study in a textile mill,” JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION, pp. 248–263, 2016, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/38766.