Sedimentary basin tectonics from the Black Sea and Caucasus to the Arabian Platform: introduction

Sosson, Marc
Kaymakcı, Nuretdin
Stephenson, R
Bergerat, Francoise
Starostenko, Vitaly
The Palaeozoic to recent evolution of the Tethys system gave way to the largest mountain chain of the world extending from the Atlantic to Pacific oceans - the Alpine-Himalayan Mountain chain, which is still developing as a result of collision and northwards convergence of continental blocks including Apulia in the west, the Afro-Arabian Plate in the middle and the Indian Plate in the east. This Special Publication addresses the main problems of the middle part of this system incorporating the Balkans, Black Sea and Greater Caucasus in the north and the Afro-Arabian Plate in the south. Since the Early Mesozoic a number of small to large scale oceanic basins opened and closed as the intervening continental fragments drifted northwards and diachronously collided with and accreted to the southern margin of the Eurasian Plate. Despite the remarkable consequences of this, in terms of subduction, obduction and orogenic processes, little is known about the timing and palaeogeographic evolution of the region. This includes the amounts of shortening and interplay between synconvergent extension and compression, development of magmatic arc and arc-related basins and the timing and mechanism of their deformation. The chapters presented in this Special Publication present new information that help to fill some of the gaps of the puzzle.


Active tectonics and kinematics of Fethiye-Göcek Bay, SW Turkey
Tosun, Levent; Kaymakcı, Nuretdin; Department of Geological Engineering (2018)
Tomographic studies conducted in Eastern Mediterranean region reveal that Pliny-Strabo Trench corresponds to a tear known as "STEP" (Subduction Transform Edge Propagator) fault connecting the Aegean and Cyprean trenches along the northern edge of the northward subducting African lithosphere. Recently, it is claimed that Fethiye-Burdur Fault Zone, which interpreted as a sinistral transtensional shear zone, is the northeaster continuation of this fault. In order to test this hypothesis, a rigorous study aimin...
Seismic attenuation tomography of the Sn phase beneath the Turkish-Iranian Plateau and the Zagros mountain belt
Kaviani, Ayoub; Sandvol, Eric; Ku, Wenfei; Beck, Susan L.; Türkelli, Niyazi; Özacar, Atilla Arda; Delph, Jonathan R. (2022-08-01)
The Turkish-Iranian Plateau and the Zagros highlands are among the most prominent physiographic features in the Middle East and were formed as a result of continental collision between the Arabian and Eurasian plates. To better understand the nature of the lithospheric mantle and the origin of the observed seismic anomalies in this region, we investigated seismic attenuation of the uppermost mantle by detailed measurements of the quality factor of the Sn seismic phase (Sn Q). To that end, we collected a lar...
Basement structure and architecture of the Black Sea Basin
Kaymakcı, Nuretdin; Horn, Brian (null; 2018-01-28)
Black Sea consists of two separate back arc basins which opened at different times during the Cretaceous in response to northward subduction of the Neo-Tethys Ocean. The paucity of well data, complex geometries and seismic imaging challenges mean that questions remain regarding the basement architecture though most authors accept that, at least in part, both these basins are floored by oceanic crust, even though there are no magnetic stripes. Interpretation of deep, long offset seismic data (imaging to more...
Earthquake focal mechanism and stress tensor analysis along the central segment of the North Anatolian fault
Karasözen, Ezgi; Özacar, Atilla Arda; Kaymakcı, Nuretdin; Department of Geological Engineering (2010)
The North Anatolian Fault (NAF) is one of the world’s largest active continental strikeslip faults, and forms the northern margin of the Anatolian plate. Although its geologic and geomorphologic features are well defined, crustal deformation and associated seismicity around central segment of the NAF is relatively less-known. In this study, we analyzed locations and focal mechanisms of 172 events with magnitude ≥ 3, which are recorded by 39 broadband seismic stations deployed by the North Anatolian Passive ...
Tectonic development of potwar plateau and the saltrange (NW Himalayas, Pakistan)
Qayyum, Abdul; Kaymakcı, Nuretdin; Department of Geological Engineering (2018)
Collision and indentation of the Indian Plate into the Eurasian Plate gave way to the development of Himalaya Orogen since early Eocene (around 50 Ma ago). The most recent products of the Himalayan orogeny is expressed by the development of Potwar Plateu and the Saltrange in W Himalayas, which are the main topic of this thesis. In order to unravel present architecture, evolution, and deformation styles of the Potwar Plateau and the Saltrange we have conducted paleomagnetism, fault kinematics, seismic interp...
Citation Formats
M. Sosson, N. Kaymakcı, R. Stephenson, F. Bergerat, and V. Starostenko, “Sedimentary basin tectonics from the Black Sea and Caucasus to the Arabian Platform: introduction,” SEDIMENTARY BASIN TECTONICS FROM THE BLACK SEA AND CAUCASUS TO THE ARABIAN PLATFORM, pp. 1–10, 2010, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: