Surface expression of eastern Mediterranean slab dynamics: Neogene topographic and structural evolution of the southwest margin of the Central Anatolian Plateau, Turkey

Schildgen, T. F.
Cosentino, D.
Caruso, A.
Buchwaldt, R.
Yildirim, C.
Bowring, S. A.
Rojay, Fuat Bora
Echtler, H.
Strecker, M. R.
The southwest margin of the Central Anatolian Plateau has experienced multiple phases of topographic growth, including the formation of localized highs prior to the Late Miocene that were later affected by wholesale uplift of the plateau margin. Our new biostratigraphic data limit the age of uplifted marine sediments at the southwest plateau margin at 1.5 km elevation to <7.17 Ma, and regional lithostratigraphic correlations imply that the age is <6.7 Ma. Single-grain CA-TIMS U-Pb zircon analyses from a reworked ash within the marine sediments yield dates as young as 10.6 Ma, indicating a maximum age that is consistent with the biostratigraphy. Our structural measurements within the uplifted region and fault inversion modeling agree with previous findings in surrounding regions, with early contraction followed by strike-slip and extensional deformation during uplift. Focal mechanisms from shallow earthquakes show that the extensional phase has continued to the present. Broad similarities in the change in the tectonic stress regime (after 8 Ma) and the onset of surface uplift (after 7 Ma) imply that deep-seated process(es) caused post-7 Ma uplift. The geometry of lithospheric slabs beneath the plateau margin, Pliocene to recent alkaline volcanism, and the uplift pattern with accompanying normal faulting point toward slab tearing and localized heating at the base of the lithosphere as a probable mechanism for post-7 Ma uplift of the southwest margin. Considering previous work in the region, there appears to be an important link between slab dynamics and surface uplift throughout the Anatolian Plateau's southern margin.


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ÖZSAYIN, ERMAN; Ciner, T. Attila; Rojay, Fuat Bora; DİRİK, RAMAZAN KADİR; Melnick, Daniel; Fernandez-Blanco, David; Bertotti, Giovanni; Schildgen, Taylor F.; Garcin, Yannick; Strecker, Manfred R.; Sudo, Masafumi (2013-01-01)
The Tuz Golu Basin is the largest sedimentary depression located at the center of the Central Anatolian Plateau, an extensive, low-relief region with elevations of ca. 1 km located between the Pontide and Tauride mountains. Presently, the basin morphology and sedimentation processes are mainly controlled by the extensional Tuz Golu Fault Zone in the east and the transtensional Inonu-Eskisehir Fault System in the west. The purpose of this study is to contribute to the understanding of the Plio-Quaternary def...
AKIMAN, O; ERLER, A; GONCUOGLU, MC; Güleç, Nilgün Türkan; GEVEN, A; TURELI, TK; KADIOGLU, YK (1993-12-01)
The closely related assemblage of igneous and metamorphic rocks that lie within a triangular area approximately bounded by the Tuzgolu Fault, the Ecemis Fault and the Izmir-Ankara-Erzincan Suture and between the lines connecting Ankara, Sivas and Nigde is called the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex (CACC). The granitoids cropping out within the CACC can be divided areally into three groups: (1) a large number of individual small plutons which form an arcuate set and curve from NE-SW to NW-SE and extend...
Surface characteristics, mineralogy and geochemistry of the gicik low–sulfidation epithermal au deposit (Ankara province, central anatolia)
Çil, Akın; İmer, Ali; Department of Geological Engineering (2019)
Tethyan-Eurasian Metallogenic Belt was formed as a result of the Mesozoic-Cenozoic Alpine-Himalayan orogeny related to the opening and closure of the Tethyan ocean basins. Turkey forms a sector of this extensive belt, and hosts numerous precious and base metal deposits. Gicik Au mineralization is located at Sakarya zone and approximately 15 km north of Ankara. Gold mineralization is hosted within Middle Eocene (ca. 44 Ma) intermediate composition dacitic lavas and agglomerates that are widely exposed near A...
Palaeoenvironmental and chronological constraints on the Tuglu Formation (Cankiri Basin, Central Anatolia, Turkey)
Mazzini, Ilaria; Hudackova, Natalia; Joniak, Peter; Kovacova, Marianna; Mikes, Tamas; Mulch, Andreas; Rojay, Fuat Bora; Lucifora, Stella; Esu, Daniela; Soulie-Maersche, Ingeborg (2013-01-01)
The Cankiri Basin, located in the northern part of the Central Anatolian Plateau, is a large Tertiary basin where thick Miocene to Quaternary continental sediments overlay the Cretaceous-Tertiary units. This investigation focuses on the Tuglu Formation, an Upper Miocene succession mainly composed of dark grey silty and organic rich clays. The type section of Tuglu has been sampled for an array of multidisciplinary analyses. The palaeontological proxies included ostracod, foraminifer, nannoplankton, pollen, ...
Tectonic history of basins sited along the western section of the North Anatolian Fault System, Turkey
SARP, Gülcan; Gurboga, Sule; Toprak, Vedat; Duzgun, Sebnem (2014-01-01)
Geological and geomorphological features of basins along the western half of the North Anatolian Fault System (NAFS) are used to constrain the formation of these basins by localization of deformation and the total displacement, and to determine the timing of basin development. In this study, tectonic influence direction of the NAFS on tectonic and hydrologic basins Bolu, Yenicaga, Dortdivan, Cerkes, Ilgaz and Tosya has been investigated to deduce information about the formation stages and interaction betwee...
Citation Formats
T. F. Schildgen et al., “Surface expression of eastern Mediterranean slab dynamics: Neogene topographic and structural evolution of the southwest margin of the Central Anatolian Plateau, Turkey,” TECTONICS, pp. 0–0, 2012, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: