Evaluation of Integrated Pollution Prevention Control in a textile fiber production and dyeing mill

Ozturk, Emrah
Yetiş, Ülkü
YİĞİT, Nevzat Özgü
KİTİŞ, Mehmet
Cleaner production assessment studies were conducted in a textile mill employing wool and acrylic fiber production and subsequent dyeing. A company-wide mass-balance analysis was performed. Various specific consumptions, emissions and waste generations were determined. The performance of the mill was evaluated based on BREF Documents. Water quality analysis indicated that process wastewaters from wool yarn softening, LP-VP printing machines and acrylic yarn washing could be reused in these processes, even without further treatment. Process wastewaters from wool yarn washing and softening in hank dyeing machines could be directly reused in tank washings and/or blended with process waters for direct reuse in the same or other processes. By the application of suggested BAT including wastewater reuse, machinery modifications, reuse of steam condensate, and good management practices, total water consumption may be reduced 35-65%. Substitution of 12 chemicals with more biodegradable and less toxic ones and installation of automatic chemical dosage systems may decrease COD loads about 25-50%. Furthermore, chemical and dyestuff consumptions could be reduced 31%. Energy consumption could be reduced by BAT suggestions including implementation of energy recovery systems for high temperature wastewater flows and flue gas emissions; process monitoring-control and various machinery optimization. Thus, potential reductions in total energy consumption in the mill may be up to 70%. Waste gas emissions could be reduced 25-65%. Waste generations may be decreased 5-10% with good management practices and reuse of especially textile wastes. Pay-back period of the suggested BAT options was found to be generally up to 4 years.


Minimization of water and chemical use in a cotton/polyester fabric dyeing textile mill
Ozturk, Emrah; KÖSEOĞLU, Hasan; KARABOYACI, Mustafa; YİĞİT, Nevzat Özgü; Yetiş, Ülkü; KİTİŞ, Mehmet (Elsevier BV, 2016-09-01)
Water, wastewater and chemical minimization studies were carried out in a textile mill employing cotton-polyester weaving-knitting and subsequently dyeing-finishing. Detailed on-site investigations and analysis on production processes were performed according to Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control principles. Specific consumptions in wet processes were calculated by mass balance analyses. Water/wastewater samples were collected and various parameters were analyzed. Specific wastewater generations an...
Sustainable textile production: a case study from a woven fabric manufacturing mill in Turkey
Alkaya, Emrah; Demirer, Göksel Niyazi (Elsevier BV, 2014-02-15)
The aim of this research was to investigate the applicability of different sustainable production measures and demonstrate environmental and economical benefits in a woven fabric manufacturing mill in Bursa, Turkey. As a result of an Environmental Performance Evaluation (EPE) evaluation, five sustainable production applications were proposed and implemented to decrease water consumption, wastewater generation, energy consumption, greenhouse gas emissions and salt (NaCl) consumption in the company. As a resu...
Non-thermal production of pure hydrogen from biomass: HYVOLUTION
Claassen, Pieternel A. M.; de Vrije, Truus; Koukios, Emmanuel; van Niel, Ed; Eroğlu, İnci; Modigell, Michael; Friedl, Anton; Wukovits, Walter; Ahrer, Werner (Elsevier BV, 2010-01-01)
The objectives and methodology of the EU-funded research project HYVOLUTION devoted to hydrogen production from biomass are reviewed.
Utilisation of waste marble dust for improved durability and cost efficiency of pozzolanic concrete
Ince, Ceren; Hamza, Ali; Derogar, Shahram; Ball, Richard James (Elsevier BV, 2020-10-01)
This study demonstrates that the incorporation of waste marble dust to pozzolanic concrete improves the long-term mechanical properties and durability characteristics. A comprehensive study utilising specimens containing a cement and silica fume binder were manufactured with incremental levels of marble dust fine aggregate. Important physical properties including compressive strength, water penetration depth, porosity, resistance to sulphate attack and resistance to freeze/thaw cycling were evaluated over a...
Biohydrogen production from cattle manure and its mixtures with renewable feedstock by hyperthermophilic Caldicellulosiruptor bescii
Yılmazel Tokel, Yasemin Dilşad (Elsevier BV, 2021-04-10)
© 2021 Elsevier LtdFermentation of cattle manure as the sole carbon source and along with the mixtures of switchgrass and wastewater biosolids by hyperthermophilic cellulolytic bacterium, Caldicellulosiruptor bescii was assessed for the first time in the literature. When cattle manure was used as the sole carbon source, a yield of 82.5 NmL/gVSadded was recorded and that is the highest yield reported from dark fermentation studies on cattle manure so far. The mixture of cattle manure with wastewater biosolid...
Citation Formats
E. Ozturk, M. KARABOYACI, Ü. Yetiş, N. Ö. YİĞİT, and M. KİTİŞ, “Evaluation of Integrated Pollution Prevention Control in a textile fiber production and dyeing mill,” JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION, pp. 116–124, 2015, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/40313.