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Maastrichtian-Thanetian planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy and remarks on the K-Pg boundary in the southern Kocaeli Peninsula (NW Turkey)

Sarigul, Volkan
Hakyemez, Aynur
Tuysuz, Okan
Can Genc, Sengul
Yılmaz, İsmail Ömer
Özcan, Ercan
The Kocaeli Peninsula (NW Turkey) provides one of the best exposed deep marine Upper Cretaceous-Palaeocene sections in north-western Anatolia. The biostratigraphic framework from three sections, namely Belen, Bulduk, and Toylar, in the southern part of the Kocaeli Peninsula is established by means of planktonic foraminifera. A very rich planktonic foraminiferal assemblage analysed both in thin sections and washed residues records a biozonation ranging from the Contusotruncana contusa (CF6) Zone (Maastrichtian) to the Globanomalina pseudomenardii (P4) Zone (Thanetian). Although a major part of the biozones in the studied interval is clearly defined, the upper three zones (CF1-3) of the latest Maastrichtian and the P0 and P1a zones of the earliest Palaeocene cannot be recognised. These unrecorded biozones are either completely missing or occurred within a very condensed interval in the studied sections. A hardground layer characterised by oxidation and extensive bioturbation might indicate a possible biostratigraphic gap spanning the CF1-3 zones of the uppermost Maastrichtian in the Belen and Bulduk sections. In the Toylar section, on the other hand, the CF1-3 zones still cannot be detected although a hardground layer is not observed. The biostratigraphic resolution across the Cretaceous-Palaeogene (K-Pg) boundary in the studied sections cannot be improved due to the condensed and well-cemented pelagic carbonates of the boundary interval.