Biodegradation of 4-chlorophenol by acclimated and unacclimated activated sludge - Evaluation of biokinetic coefficients

Dilek, Filiz Bengü
Unacclimated and acclimated activated sludges were examined for their ability to degrade 4-CP (4-chlorophenol) in the presence and absence of a readily growing substrate using aerobic batch reactors. The effects of 4-CP on the p (specific growth rate), COD removal efficiency, Y (yield coefficient), and q (specific substrate utilization rate) were investigated. It was observed that the toxicity of 4-CP on the culture decreased remarkably after acclimation. For example, the IC50 value on the basis of It was found to increase from 130 to 218 mg/L with the acclimation of the culture. Although an increase in 4-CP concentration up to 300 mg/L has no adverse effect on the COD removal efficiency of the acclimated culture, a considerable decrease was observed in the case of an unacclimated culture. Although 4-CP removal was not observed with an unacclimated culture, almost complete removal was achieved with the acclimated culture, up to 300 mg/L. The Haldane kinetic model adequately predicted the biodegradation of 4-CP and the kinetic constants obtained were q(m) = 41.17 mg/(g MLVSS h), K-s = 1.104 mg/L, and K-i = 194.4 mg/L. The degradation of 4-CP led to formation of 5-chloro-2-hydroxymuconic semialdehyde, which was further metabolized, indicating complete degradation of 4-CP via a meta-cleavage pathway. (c) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


KARSH, H; Çulfaz, Ali; YUCEL, H (Elsevier BV, 1992-07-01)
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High volumes of wastewater with considerable levels of organic and phenolic compounds and solid material are produced during pistachio processing. There is not a commonly adopted treatment technology for the wastes produced during pistachio processing. The objective of this study is to evaluate the anaerobic digestability and biogas production capacity of pistachio processing wastewater in upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactors for the first time in the literature. The results indicated that pistac...
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Highly efficient dehydrogenation of formic acid (FA) at room temperature was achieved using palladium(0) nanoparticles supported on nanoceria (Pd-0/CeO2) as catalysts. Pd-0/CeO2 was prepared by impregnation of palladium(II) ions on the surface of ceria followed by their reduction with sodium borohydride in aqueous solution at room temperature. Pd((0)/CeO2 was isolated from the reaction solution by centrifugation and characterized by a combination of advanced analytical techniques. The catalytic activity of ...
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Citation Formats
E. ŞAHİNKAYA and F. B. Dilek, “Biodegradation of 4-chlorophenol by acclimated and unacclimated activated sludge - Evaluation of biokinetic coefficients,” ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, pp. 243–252, 2005, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: