Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cell Response to CpG ODN Correlates with CXCL16 Expression and Is Inhibited by ox-LDL

Gürsel, Mayda
Structurally distinct classes of synthetic CpG oligonucleotides (ODN) differentially activate human immune cells. K-type ODN trigger plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) to differentiate and produce TNF alpha. In contrast, D-type ODN stimulate large amounts of IFN alpha secretion from pDCs. The cell-surface receptor CXCL16 was previously shown to influence the nature and specificity of CpG ODN-induced immune activation. Here, we evaluated the expression and function of CXCL16 on pDC from healthy volunteers. We report that increased CXCL16 expression correlated with enhanced in vitro response exclusively to D-type CpG ODN. Conversely, enzymatic digestion of the receptor resulted in a decrease in IFN alpha production. Moreover, ox-LDL presence significantly inhibited D-ODN mediated IFN alpha production by pDCs. Coculture of enriched pDCs with the CXCR6 expressing Jurkat T cells decreased the activation threshold of these cells responding to D-ODN, suggesting that CXCL16/CXCR6 interaction may play an important role in modifying the response of pDCs to environmental danger signals.


CpG RNA: identification of novel single-stranded RNA that stimulates human CD14+CD11c+ monocytes.
Sugiyama, T; Gürsel, Mayda; Takeshita, F; Coban, C; Conover, J; Kaisho, T; Akira, S; Klinman, DM; Ishii, KJ (The American Association of Immunologists, 2005-02-15)
Synthetic immunostimulatory nucleic acids such as CpG DNA are being harnessed therapeutically as vaccine adjuvants, anticancer or antiallergic agents. Efforts to identify nucleic acid-based agents capable of more specifically modulating the immune system are being developed. The current study identifies a novel class of single-stranded oligoribonucleotides (ORN) containing unmethylated CpG motifs and a poly(G) run at the 3 end (CpG ORN) that directly stimulate human CD14 CD11c monocytes but not dendritic ...
CpG oligodeoxynucleotides protect normal and SIV-infected macaques from Leishmania infection.
Verthelyi, D; Gürsel, Mayda; Kenney, RT; Lifson, JD; Liu, S; Mican, J; Klinman, DM (The American Association of Immunologists, 2003-05-01)
Oligodeoxynucleotides containing CpG motifs (CpG ODNs) mimic microbial DNA and activate effectors of the innate immune response, which limits the spread of pathogens and promotes an adaptive immune response. CpG ODNs have been shown to protect mice from infection with intracellular pathogens. Unfortunately, CpG motifs that optimally stimulate humans are only weakly active in mice, mandating the use of nonhuman primates to monitor the activity and safety of "human" CpG ODNs in vivo. This study demonstrates t...
Suppressive oligodeoxynucleotides inhibit Th1 differentiation by blocking IFN-gamma- and IL-12-mediated signaling.
Shirota, H; Gürsel, Mayda; Klinman, DM (The American Association of Immunologists, 2004-10-15)
Repetitive TTAGGG motifs present at high frequency in mammalian telomeres can suppress Th1-mediated immune responses. Synthetic oligonucleotides (ODN) containing TTAGGG motifs mimic this activity and have proven effective in the prevention/ treatment of certain Th1-dependent autoimmune diseases. This work explores the mechanism by which suppressive ODN block the induction of Th1 immunity. Findings indicate that these ODN inhibit IFN- -induced STAT1 phosphorylation and IL-12- induced STAT3 and STAT4 phosphor...
Cutting edge: Role of toll-like receptor 9 in CpG DNA-induced activation of human cells
Takeshita, F; Leifer, CA; Gursel, I; Ishii, KJ; Takeshita, S; Gürsel, Mayda; Klinman, DM (The American Association of Immunologists, 2001-10-01)
Unmethylated CpG motifs present in bacterial DNA stimulate a rapid and robust innate immune response. Human cell lines and PBMC that recognize CpG DNA express membrane-bound human Toll-like receptor 9 (hTLR9). Cells that are not responsive to CpG DNA become responsive when transfected with hTLR9. Expression of hTLR9 dramatically increases uptake of CpG (but not control) DNA into endocytic vesicles. Upon cell stimulation, hTLR9 and CpG DNA are found in the same endocytic vesicles. Cells expressing hTLR9 are ...
Embryonic stem cell-derived motoneurons provide a highly sensitive cell culture model for botulinum neurotoxin studies, with implications for high-throughput drug discovery.
Kiriş, Erkan; Burnett, JC; Kota, KP; Koh, DC; Wanner, LM; Torres-Melendez, E; Gussio, R; Tessarollo, L; Bavari, S (Elsevier BV, 2011-05-01)
Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) inhibit cholinergic synaptic transmission by specifically cleaving proteins that are crucial for neurotransmitter exocytosis. Due to the lethality of these toxins, there are elevated concerns regarding their possible use as bioterrorism agents. Moreover, their widespread use for cosmetic purposes, and as medical treatments, has increased the potential risk of accidental overdosing and environmental exposure. Hence, there is an urgent need to develop novel modalities to counter ...
Citation Formats
M. Gürsel and İ. GÜRSEL, “Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cell Response to CpG ODN Correlates with CXCL16 Expression and Is Inhibited by ox-LDL,” MEDIATORS OF INFLAMMATION, pp. 0–0, 2013, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: