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Comparison of different yield criteria in various deep drawn cups

The aim of the study is to evaluate the performance of three recent yield criteria namely; BBC2008-8p, Yld2003-8p, Hu2003 through the simulation of the hemispherical, cylindrical and square cup drawing processes by comparing the results with the ones obtained by using the von Mises criterion for the isotropic, kinematic and combined hardening and the Hill'48 criterion. For this purpose, two different sheet materials, SS304 stainless steel and DKP6112 steel, and various punch travels were used in the simulations and experimental phases of this study. The BBC2008-8p, Yld2003-8p and Hu2003 models were implemented to the ABAQUS software through the user material subroutine VUMAT. The thickness strain distributions obtained from the simulations were compared with the experimental results to analyze the validity of the three aforementioned criteria. Compared with the other models, the material behavior in deep drawing cases of this study is better predicted with more recent models, namely BBC2008-8p, Yld2003-8p and Hu2003, which include anisotropy parameters found from uniaxial and biaxial tension tests.