Simple Tyrosine Derivatives Act as Low Molecular Weight Organogelators

Aykent, Guzide
Zeytun, Cansu
Marıon, Antoıne
Özçubukçu, Salih
The gelation of L-Tyr(tBu)-OH in tetrahydrofuran (THF) was discovered serendipitously. It was noted that this tremendously low molecular weight (LMW) compound has the ability to gel a wide variety of organic solvents (e.g., N,N-Dimetylformamide (DMF), THF, butanol, toluene), even in very low concentrations (i.e., 0.1 wt/v% in DMF). Addition of bases such as NaOH and piperidine enhanced the gel property. By changing the side-chain protecting group to tert-butyldimethylsilyl (TBDMS), a fluoride ion-responsive organogel was also acquired. This new organogelator responded fluoride ion concentration as low as 0.2 ppm. Characterization of microstructures and gel behaviours were studied by powder X-Ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), rheological measurements and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Experimental observations and theoretical simulations consistently show a fibre-like structure of the gel, in which the organogelator molecules are held together via a dense network of hydrogen bonds, and via van der Waals interactions between hydrophobic groups.

Citation Formats
G. Aykent, C. Zeytun, A. Marıon, and S. Özçubukçu, “Simple Tyrosine Derivatives Act as Low Molecular Weight Organogelators,” SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, vol. 9, pp. 0–0, 2019, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: