Parametric Design in Urbanism: A Critical Reflection

Parametric modelling run by the explicitly defined algorithms generating synchronically auditable dynamic forms and patterns, has become a prominent method especially in architecture. Though the use of parametric models has got wider in urban design, the critical reflection on the actual and possible application of the method in urbanism has fallen limited so far. The paper tends to relate parametric design with the contemporary understanding of urbanism with regards to the idea of design control in the the context of complexity. From this perspective, the actual performance of the model application in urban context is discussed with the renowned project of Kartal-Pendik Masterplan (Zaha Hadid Architects) in Istanbul, Turkey.


Parametric Urban Design Thinking: Shared Patterns in Design by Algorithm and Design by Drawing
Çalışkan, Olgu; Ongun, Gokhan (2021-12-01)
The paper suggests a focused examination of the processes of drafting-based design and parametric design in urbanism. It discusses how spatial design's settled cognition would differ by using algorithmic systems through the altered relationships between the basic operations in design. To reveal the commonalities and distinctions between the two design methods, the authors present the detailed documentation of the workshop series, which experimented with both techniques within similar design contexts. By the...
Performance-based parametric design explorations: A method for generating appropriate building components
Ercan, Burak; Elias Özkan, Soofia Tahira (2015-05-01)
Performance-based parametric design explorations depend on formulating custom-designed workflows that require reading, writing, interpreting and manipulating databases, as part of the design process. The possibilities of customization and parameterization offered by the user-friendly interfaces of advanced building-performance simulation software and digital design tools have now enabled architects to carry out performance-based design explorations without the help of simulation experts. This paper presents...
Tufan, Aybüke; Çalışkan, Olgu; Urban Design in City and Regional Planning Department (2022-8-31)
Maps have been primary representations of space for centuries and the traditional approaches in cartographic production have bounded mapping practices in a rigid, conventional, and scientific framework. Within that framework, the relationship between maps and urbanism was limited to the representative aspects of mapping to read the visible elements of geographies, regions, cities, and built environments. However, with the post-representative, post-structuralist and postmodern theories on maps and mapping, a...
Creative Design Exploration By Parametric Generative Systems In Architecture
Gürsel Dino, İpek (Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, 2012-01-01)
This paper discusses parametric design systems as a generative tool in architectural design. Parametric tools are algorithmically based, and therefore offer increased computational control over design geometry during design activity. Their adaptability and responsiveness to changing design criteria and requirements make parametric models especially useful for design exploration in complex and dynamic design settings. In performance based design, parametric control of form is particularly valuable, such that...
Feature based design of rotational parts based on step
Fidan, Tahir; Kılıç, Engin; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2004)
The implicit and low-level part definition data, provided by geometric modeling cannot be used by downstream applications. Therefore, feature based modeling concept has been introduced to integrate CAD and downstream applications. However, due to the lack of implicit and explicit standard representations for features and unmanageable number of possible predefined features without standardization, feature based modeling approach has proved to be inadequate. STEP AP224 provides a standard for both implicit an...
Citation Formats
O. Çalışkan, “Parametric Design in Urbanism: A Critical Reflection,” PLANNING PRACTICE AND RESEARCH, pp. 417–443, 2017, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: