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Circumferential Traveling Wave Slot Array on Cylindrical Substrate Integrated Waveguide (CSIW)

Traveling wave slot array on cylindrical substrate integrated waveguide (CSIW) is designed, fabricated and measured at K-band. CSIW is formed by wrapping the substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) around the cylinder in the circumferential direction. 16 element longitudinal slot array on the broad wall of single CSIW is designed by the Elliot's design procedure. The spacings between the slot elements are determined to reduce the half power beam width (HPBW) and to obtain good matching at 25 GHz. A 4 x 16 slot array is formed using 4 CSIW array each having 16 traveling wave longitudinal slots and the array is fed by 1 x 4 SIW power divider structure. About 10 degrees beam steering is achieved when frequency is swept from 24 to 26 GHz. Gain of the antenna is 14 dB. Very good agreement between the simulated and measured results is obtained.