Socio-Economic Factors Affecting Early Childhood Health: the Case of Turkey

In this study we examine the association between parents' socioeconomic status (SES) and childhood health in Turkey, a middle income, developing country using the 2013 round of Demographic Health Survey (DHS) data set. In our investigation, we focus on 7-to-59-month-old children and as a measure of health status, we use the height-for-age z-score, which is the measure of stunting and wasting. In order to overcome the biases with respect to age and gender, we calculate the child's standardized height measure. Using classical regression techniques, after controlling for the child's birth order, birth weight, mother's height, mother's breastfeeding, nutrition status and pre-school attendance, the impact of parents' SES on child's health measures is assessed, and the SES indicators include region of residence, number of household members, father's presence, parents' education and work status, and a wealth index based on the household's asset holdings. Our results indicate that urban residence is a dominant factor that enhances the child's health status in Turkey: convenient access to health care services as well as better living conditions and infrastructure such as sanitation, access to clean water, availability of electricity, which are more readily available in urban areas, consistently improve the child's health outcomes, regardless of other SES factors. Additionally, we find that mother's education level is also crucial in determining the child's health status: it is more likely that educated mothers have access to information for better health, and they make more efficient use of available health care services for their children.


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In this study, using the 2003 Turkish Household Budget Survey, we investigate the life-cycle profiles of household income and its components by educational attainment, compare these profiles with those reported for various developed and developing countries, and interpret our findings within the life-cycle framework. A key aspect of our analysis is that we examine the link between household structure and household income over the life-cycle. The main finding of the study is that household income profiles co...
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This study investigated whether woman's education, labour market status and the status within the household have any impact on their birth control behaviour in Turkey. Empirical analyses were implemented using the 2013 Demographic and Health Survey dataset, which includes information on women's socioeconomic status and their current choice of contraceptives: whether they used any method, and if so, what method they used. Using a bivariate probit model with selection to control for any possible selection bia...
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Citation Formats
D. Karaoglan and D. Ş. Saraçoğlu, “Socio-Economic Factors Affecting Early Childhood Health: the Case of Turkey,” CHILD INDICATORS RESEARCH, pp. 1051–1075, 2018, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: