Structure and recent evolution of the Hazar Basin: a strike-slip basin on the East Anatolian Fault, Eastern Turkey

Moreno, D. Garcia
Hubert-Ferrari, Aurelia
Moernaut, Jasper
Fraser, J. G.
Boes, Xavier
Van Daele, Maarten
Avşar, Ulaş
Cagatay, N.
De Batıst, Marc
The Hazar Basin is a 25 km-long, 7 km-wide and 216 m-deep depression located on the central section of the East Anatolian Fault zone (eastern Turkey) and predominantly overlain by Lake Hazar. This basin has been described previously as a pull-apart basin because of its rhombic shape and an apparent fault step-over between the main fault traces situated at the southwestern and northeastern ends of the lake. However, detailed structural investigation beneath Lake Hazar has not been undertaken previously to verify this interpretation. Geophysical and sedimentological data from Lake Hazar were collected during field campaigns in 2006 and 2007. The analysis of this data reveals that the main strand of the East Anatolian Fault (the Master Fault) is continuous across the Hazar Basin, connecting the two segments previously assumed to be the sidewall faults of a pull-apart structure. In the northeastern part of the lake, an asymmetrical subsiding sub-basin, bounded by two major faults, is cross-cut by the Master Fault, which forms a releasing bend within the lake. Comparison of the structure revealed by this study with analogue models produced for transtensional step-overs suggests that the Hazar Basin structure represents a highly evolved pull-apart basin, to the extent that the previous asperity has been bypassed by a linking fault. The absence of a step-over structure at the Hazar Basin means that no significant segmentation boundary is recognised on the East Anatolian Fault between Palu and Sincik. Therefore, this fault segment is capable of causing larger earthquakes than recognised previously.


The Upper Cretaceous intrusive rocks with extensive crustal contribution in Hacimahmutusagi Area (Aksaray/Turkey)
Köksal, Serhat (Central Library of the Slovak Academy of Sciences, 2019-06-01)
The Hacimahmutusagi area (Aksaray/Turkey) is located in the western part of the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex (CACC). Gneiss and marble compose the basement units, while intrusive rocks are gabbros and granitoids. The pegmatitic hornblende gabbros contain pegmatitic to fine-grained hornblendes, plagioclase, clinopyroxene, and accessory opaque minerals. The fine-grained gabbros, on the other hand, are composed of plagioclase, hornblende, and biotite as major components whereas the apatite and opaque ...
Mafic microgranular enclaves and interaction between felsic and mafic magmas in the agacoren intrusive suite: Evidence from petrographic features and mineral chemistry
Kadioglu, Yusuf Kagan; Güleç, Nilgün Türkan (Informa UK Limited, 1996-01-01)
The Agacoren Intrusive Suite is exposed as a large intrusive body over ∼500 km2 east of Lake Tuz in central Anatolia and consists of the Cokumkaya gabbro, the Agacoren granitoid, and young dikes. The Agacoren granitoid is the predominant lithology of the Agacoren Intrusive Suite, and is differentiated into several subunits ranging in composition from monzonite, through granite, to alkali feldspar granite. The Cokumkaya gabbro occurs as stocks enclosed in the Agacoren granitoid; individual bodies range in si...
Chronology of subduction and collision along the Izmir-Ankara suture in Western Anatolia: records from the Central Sakarya Basin
Ocakoğlu, Faruk; Hakyemez, Aynur; Açıkalın, Sanem; Altıner, Sevinç; Büyükmeriç, Yeşim; Licht, Alexis; Demircan, Huriye; Şafak, Ümit; Yıldız, Ayşegül; Yılmaz, İsmail Ömer; Wagreich, Michael; Campbell, Clay (Informa UK Limited, 2019-07-03)
Western Anatolia is a complex assemblage of terranes, including the Sakarya Terrane and the Tauride-Anatolide Platform that collided during the late Cretaceous and Palaeogene (80-25 Ma) after the closure of the Izmir-Ankara Ocean. Determining the precise timing at which this ocean closed is particularly important to test kinematic reconstructions and geodynamic models of the Mediterranean region, and the chronology of suturing and its mechanisms remain controversial. Here, we document the Cretaceous-Eocene ...
Extensional v. contractional origin for the southern Menderes shear zone, SW Turkey: tectonic and metamorphic implications
Bozkurt, Erdin (Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2007-01-01)
The southern Menderes Massif in southwest Turkey consists mainly of orthogneisses and overlying Palaeozoic-Middle Paleocene schists and marbles. The contact between the two distinct rock types is almost everywhere structural, herein named the southern Menderes shear zone: a S-facing, high-angle ductile shear zone that separates metamorphic rocks of differing grade. Although there is a consensus that the shear zone was associated with top-to-the-S-SSW shearing and is of Tertiary age, its origin and nature ha...
Tectonomagmatic evolution of bimodal plutons in the central Anatolian crystalline complex, Turkey
Kadioglu, Yk; Dilek, Y; Güleç, Nilgün Türkan; Foland, Ka (University of Chicago Press, 2003-11-01)
The NW-trending Agacoren Intrusive Suite (AIS) on the east side of the Salt Lake (Tuz Golu), Turkey, is part of a curvilinear volcanoplutonic complex along the western edge of the central Anatolian crystalline complex (CACC). Granitoids constitute the predominant lithological group within the AIS and range in composition from monzonite through granite to alkali feldspar granite. Gabbroic rocks occur as irregular intrusive bodies with sinusoidal, irregular contacts with the granitoid plutons and vary from di...
Citation Formats
D. G. Moreno et al., “Structure and recent evolution of the Hazar Basin: a strike-slip basin on the East Anatolian Fault, Eastern Turkey,” BASIN RESEARCH, pp. 191–207, 2011, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: