Food Security and Eco-terrorism Impacts on Environmental Security Through Vulnerabilities

Food security requires appropriate agricultural management and utilization of natural resources and eco-systems, as well as good governance and sustainable political systems. Food security is directly affected by climate change effects that lead to concerns in rural livelihoods. Bio-energy developments present both opportunities and challenges for socioeconomic development and the environment. In that sense, bio-energy solutions should strive to be environmentally sensitive and have a positive social impact. On the other side, trade policy enforced via World Trade Organisation (WTO) is expected to play a role in mitigating and adapting to global climate change by increasing incentives to use the most energy efficient environmental goods and services. The recent food and financial crises developed from different underlying causes but intertwined in complex ways through their implications for financial and economic stability, food security, and political security. As the majority of the poor in the world are considered to be depended on agriculture, the severeness of the climate change effects may lead to food system risks and more of the societal and political risks can be incurred in the future. The potential of food price volatility and climate change leading a rise in food insecurity among the poor groups is significant, and thus, can be expected to bring social disturbances and terrorism in the short to long term. Food security is a hot topic. Therefore, its disruption via environmental breakdown is an obvious cause for terrorism. Although the biotechnology revolution is very relevant to the problems of food security, poverty reduction, and environmental conservation in the developing world, it raises many questions relating to ethics, intellectual property rights, and bio-safety. Some policy alternatives for environment friendly support of food security consist in increasing productivity on the non-forest fertile soils and in animal production systems or to reduce postharvest losses, providing greater incentives for agriculture to use water more efficiently, promoting larger investments in agricultural research to raise production with environment friendly techniques. Global environmental change (GEC) will have serious consequences for food security, particularly for more vulnerable groups. Adapting to the additional threats to food security arising from major environmental changes requires an integrated food system approach, not just a focus on agricultural practices. In this respect, vulnerability assessment could help to address food supply-chain security by determining the selection of countermeasures and emergency responses.


Food Security and Eco-terrorism: Recognizing Vulnerabilities and Protecting Ecosystems
Alpas, Hami (2009-07-10)
When all people at all times have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food, any matter that prevents access by the consumer to foodstuffs will be a security issue. This will range in severity from lack of access to foods of choice through starvation from no access at all. Depending on the structure of food delivery (e.g. just in time) any interruption in that supply can quickly become an emergency, or appear as one. Practically, as a result of globalization and technical innovat...
Sustainable design implications for alternative food networks: A case on Güneşköy's community supported agriculture (CSA) model
Kaplan, Ayşe; Doğan, Çağla; Department of Industrial Design (2021-6)
The global food system consists of complex processes (i.e., food production, distribution, consumption, and disposal) and contains several environmental, economic, and social sustainability challenges. As a result of the food system's problems, some producers and consumers have taken actions that have resulted in the emergence of alternative food networks. These are primarily bottom-up initiatives led by creative and innovative groups of people collaborating to develop alternative food-system solutions. Dif...
Uncovering ecological regime shifts in the Sea of Marmara and reconsidering management strategies
DEMİREL EROL, Nazlı; Akoğlu, Ekin; Ulman, Aylin; Ertor-Akyazi, Pınar; Gül, Güzin; Bedikoğlu, Dalida; YILDIZ, Taner; Yilmaz, I. Noyan (2023-01-01)
Ecosystem regime shifts can alter ecosystem services, affect human well-being, and trigger policy conflicts due to economic losses and reductions in societal and environmental benefits. Intensive anthropogenic activities make the Sea of Marmara ecosystem suffer from nearly all existing available types of ecosystem pressures such as biological degradation, exposure to hydrological processes, nutrient and organic matter enrichment, plastic pollution, ocean warming, resulting in deterioration of habitats. In t...
Food at the intersection of sovereignties: Tracing the loss of food sovereignty for Turkish state and farmers
Torun Atış, Nuran; Topal Yılmaz, Aylin; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2022-3)
Global food sovereignty movement claims a certain state of autonomous existence for small farmers, farming communities, and states within the food systems. Turkish state and society have passed through a neoliberal transformation since early 1980s with a significant acceleration in the last twenty years. Isolation of economic policies from politics, and adoption of neoliberal agricultural policies have been going hand in hand with restructuring of the state through legal-institutional regulations conditione...
Global Politics of Food Security
Genç, Barış Emre; Tanrısever, Oktay Fırat; Department of International Relations (2022-9)
Food is one of the most basic needs of humanity and is a central issue in national and international policies. As food is essential in International Relations, history has witnessed numerous food-related problems. In particular, food crises, hunger, rising food prices, and environmental deterioration, which have come to the fore since the 1970s, have shaped the issue of food security. Thus, the multi-dimensional, multilevel, and complex nature of food security has become more critical while facing numerous ...
Citation Formats
H. Alpas, “Food Security and Eco-terrorism Impacts on Environmental Security Through Vulnerabilities,” 2009, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: