Use of Nanoclay as an Environmentally Friendly Flame Retardant Synergist in Polyamide-6

Kaynak, Cevdet
Isitman, Nihat Ali
Due to their very high levels of flame retardancy, chlorinated and brominated flame retardants had been the most widely used flame retardant additives in plastics industry. However, these flame retardants lead to formation of very toxic volatiles and by-products during fire. Therefore, the recent trend is to replace all of them with non-halogenated flame retardants. In this respect, the use of nanoclays as a synergist flame retardant is becoming more and more important. Thus, the main aim of this work was to investigate the synergistic flame retardant effect of nanoclays with phosphorous compounds in polyamide-6 composites. For this purpose, exfoliated clay nanocomposites of flame retarded/glass fiber reinforced polyamide-6 were prepared by melt compounding. A flame retardant based on phosphorus compounds was used at various levels in glass fiber reinforced polyamide-6 and nanocomposites. Flammability and fire behaviors were evaluated by limiting oxygen index, UL94 and cone calorimeter tests. Substitution of a certain fraction of the flame retardant with nanoclays was found to significantly reduce the peak heat release rate and delay the ignition in cone calorimeter. Moreover, remarkable improvements were obtained in limiting oxygen index along with maintained UL94 ratings.


Preparation of iron oxide nanoparticles by microwave synthesis and their characterization
Acarbas, Ozge; Ozenbas, Macit (American Scientific Publishers, 2008-02-01)
In this study production of fine particle Fe2O3 via microwave processing of Fe(NO3)(3)center dot nH(2)O followed by low temperature annealing was reported. XRD was used to characterize the structural properties of nanoparticles. Approximate particle sizes were between 3-13 nm according to Scherrer's equation. Single point BET measurement results also show that samples have large surface area and they are nanometer sized particles. TEM study was conducted to examine the structure of the nanoparticles. TEM fi...
Characterization of iron oxide thin films prepared by sol-gel processing
Karakuscu, Aylin; Ozenbas, Macit (American Scientific Publishers, 2008-02-01)
Iron oxide thin films were prepared by spin-coating a gel solution of iron(III) nitrate dissolved in 2-methoxyethanol and acetylacetone on glass and quartz substrates. The film thickness was adjusted by changing the spinning rate of the spin coater, Annealing was carried out between 300 degrees C to 600 degrees C to investigate the phases present in the films. Viscosity of the main solution was found as 0.0035 Pa (.) s by viscosity measurement. TGA/DTA analyses showed that heat treatment should be done betw...
Synthesis of silver nanoparticles by oleylamine-oleic acid reduction and its use in making nanocable by coaxial electrospinning
Çınar, Simge; MAVİŞ, BORA; Çolak, Üner (American Scientific Publishers, 2011-12-01)
In the present study, silver nanoparticles were produced by hydrazine hydrate and oleylamine/oleic acid systems in order to investigate the effects of reducing agents with different strengths on the reduction mechanism. Particle size and size distribution of silver particles produced by slow reducing system were studied in detail by using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), photon correlation spectroscopy (PCS), and surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy (SPR). Finally, reductio...
Utilization of fine coal tailings by flotation using ionic reagents
Sis, H; Ozbayoglu, G; Sarikaya, M (Informa UK Limited, 2004-08-01)
Fatty acid type ionic collectors were used as an alternative to conventional oily collectors, kerosene, and pine oil mixture in the flotation of coal tailing with 46.1% ash. The conventional collectors could not reduce the ash content of the concentrate below 22%. On the other hand, ionic collectors were found to be significantly better at reducing the ash content down to 13%. It was concluded that despite their lower flotation yield and higher consumptions, certain ionic collectors could be used successful...
Synthesis, crystal structure and characterization of new transition metal compounds of bromophenols: Bis(2,4,6-tribromophenolato) di(N-methylimidazole)M(II) (M=Co, Cu)
Camurlu, P; Yılmaz, Ayşen; Tatar, L; Kisakurek, D; Ulku, D (Wiley, 2005-03-01)
Bis(2,4,6-tribromophenolato)di(N-methyl imidazole)M(II), where M stands for cobalt and copper metals, was synthesized via reaction of the corresponding metal sulphate and 2,4,6-tribromophenolate in aqueous media in the presence of N-methyl imidazole and sodium hydroxide. Although various crystallization procedures were applied only cobalt complex was obtained as single crystals. The Co(II) ion has a distorted octahedral enviroment involving two O atoms and two N atoms of the Bis(2,4,6-tribromopbenolato)di(N...
Citation Formats
C. Kaynak and N. A. Isitman, “Use of Nanoclay as an Environmentally Friendly Flame Retardant Synergist in Polyamide-6,” JOURNAL OF NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY, pp. 7374–7377, 2010, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: