Tertiary volcanism of the Galatia province, north-west central Anatolia, Turkey

Wilson, M
Tankut, A
Güleç, Nilgün Türkan
Large volumes of trachyandesitic-dacitic lava flows and pyroclastics of Miocene age are associated with small volumes of alkali basalt lava flows in the Galatia volcanic province, northwest Central Anatolia, Turkey. The volcanism postdates continental collision, occurring in a transtensional tectonic setting associated with movement along the North Anatolian Fault zone. Major and trace element (including REE) and Sr-Nd isotope data and K-Ar ages for representative samples of mafic-intermediate volcanic rocks have been obtained from a series of localities within the province. The K-Ar age data indicate that alkali basalts were erupted during two distinct time periods in the Early Miocene (17-19 Ma) and Late Miocene (< 10 Ma). The two groups of basalts are inferred to have been derived from different mantle sources, based on their Sr-Nd isotope and geochemical characteristics. The Late Miocene basalts were derived from a more depleted mantle source than the Early Miocene basalts, which were generated by partial melting of an incompatible element enriched, subduction-modified, mantle source. The depleted source component is inferred to reside within the asthenosphere and has some affinities with the source of HIMU oceanic island basalts. On the basis of a comprehensive major and trace element and Nd-Sr isotope dataset for the intermediate-acid volcanics and the alkali basalts, it is possible to demonstrate a cogenetic relationship between the alkali basalts and the intermediate volcanics of Early Miocene age, involving fractional crystallisation and assimilation of a heterogeneous upper crustal component. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.


Ellero, Alessandro; Ottria, Giuseppe; Sayıt, Kaan; Catanzariti, Rita; Frassi, Chiara; Göncüoğlu, Mehmet Cemal; Marroni, Michele; Pandolfi, Luca (2015-01-01)
In the Central Pontides (Northern Turkey), south of Tosya, a tectonic unit consisting of not-metamorphic volcanic rocks and overlying sedimentary succession is exposed inside a fault-bounded elongated block. It is restrained within a wide shear zone, where the Intra-Pontide suture zone, the Sakarya terrane and the Izmir-Ankara-Erzincan suture zone are juxtaposed as result of strike-slip activity of the North Anatolian shear zone. The volcanic rocks are mainly basalts and basaltic andesites (with their pyroc...
Petrology of the Eocene volcanism in the central anataolia: implication for the early tertiary evolution of the Central Anatolian crystalline complex
Geneli, Fatma; Güncüoğlu, M. Cemal; Kuşcu, Gonca; Department of Geological Engineering (2011)
In the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex (CACC) the Late Cretaceous post-collisional granitic magmatism is followed by Eocene extension, resulting in formation of roughly E-W trending transtensional basins. Formation of these basins was accompanied by calc- alkaline- mildly alkaline volcanism. The volcanic rocks, mainly subaques lava flows and subareal domes are concentrated along these basins and associated with Middle Eocene (Bartonian) Mucur Formation. They are basic to intermediate and are classifie...
Geochemical constraints on the Cenozoic, OIB-type alkaline volcanic rocks of NW Turkey: Implications for mantle sources and melting processes
ALDANMAZ, ERCAN; KÖPRÜBAŞI, NEZİHİ; GÜRER, ÖMER FEYZİ; Kaymakcı, Nuretdin; Gourgaud, Alan (Elsevier BV, 2006-01-01)
The volcanic province of North-West Turkey contains a number of intra-continental alkaline volcanic eruption sequences formed along the localized extensional basins developed in relation with the Late Cenozoic extensional processes. The volcanic suite comprises the extracted melt products of adiabatic decompression melting of the mantle that are represented by small-volume intra-continental plate volcanic rocks of alkaline olivine basalts and basanites with compositions representative of mantle-derived, pri...
Demirel, Serhat; Göncüoğlu, Mehmet Cemal; Topuz, Gueltekin; IŞIK, VEYSEL (2009-08-01)
A hydrothermal breccia zone 6 km long and 2 km wide, crossed by quartz-tourmaline veins, occurs to the south of the Late Cretaceous Kerkenez granite-monzonite massif in the northern part of the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex, Yozgat, Turkey. This breccia zone is characterized by numerous veins, a few millimeters to 1 meter in width, and display typical microtectonic features of multiple brecciation. Trace amounts of albite, K-feldspar, epidote, muscovite and rutile are associated with quartz and tour...
Geodynamic significance of the Cretaceous pillow basalts from North Anatolian Ophiolitic Melange Belt (Central Anatolia, Turkey): geochemical and paleontological constraints
Rojay, Fuat Bora; Altiner, SO; Onen, AP; James, S; Thirlwall, MF (2004-09-01)
The most widespread blocks within the Cretaceous ophiolitic melange (North Anatolian ophiolitic melange) in Central Anatolia (Turkey) are pillow basalts, radiolarites, other ophiolitic fragments and Jurassic-Cretaceous carbonate blocks. The pillow basalts crop out as discrete blocks in close relation to radiolarites and ophiolitic units in Cretaceous ophiolitic melange. The geochemical results suggest that analyzed pillow basalts are within-plate ocean island alkali basalts. The enrichment of incompatible ...
Citation Formats
M. Wilson, A. Tankut, and N. T. Güleç, “Tertiary volcanism of the Galatia province, north-west central Anatolia, Turkey,” LITHOS, pp. 105–121, 1997, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/43307.