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A Conceptual model of relationships among ecological worldview, fundamental values, personal norm and selfidentity

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2019
Ateş, Hüseyin
A model was proposed to explain how ecological worldviews (human based and nature based), fundamental values (egoistic, biospheric and altrustic) and self-identity are related to personal norm. The model assumed that self-identity influence personal norms directly and indirectly through fundamental values and ecological worldviews. In addition, fundamental values have an effect on personal norm directly and indirectly through ecological worldviews. Lastly, it was assumed that ecological worldviews influence personal norms directly. Investigating middle school students’ pre-service science teachers’ and science teachers’ ecological worldviews, fundamental values, personal norms and self-identities was also aimed. There were 2396 people in pilot study and 5078 people in main study including middle school students (N=3733), pre-service science teachers (N=720) and science teachers (N=601) in four cities in Turkey. New Ecological Paradigm Scale (NEP), Self-Identity Scale, Fundamental Values Scale and Personal Norm Scale were used as data collection tools. Results of path analysis indicated that given the results for variation, the result of this model proposing direct effect showed that 80%, 68% and 59% of the variance of personal norm was explained by the variables in the model for middle school students, pre-service science teachers and science teachers, respectively. In addition, NEP scores are moderate level for all participants, while fundamental values, personal norm and self-identity means of middle school students was significantly lower than means of science teachers and pre-service science teachers. After validity and reliability analysis, adapted and validated scales were obtained.