Psychometric properties of the cumulative trauma scale: evaluation of the validity and reliability in a Turkish sample

Download
2019
Eltan, Selen
Stressful life events leading to traumatic reactions are noteworthy, and trauma studies generally consider one traumatic event which an individual experienced recently or affected most dramatically. However, cumulative impacts of traumas are also necessary to focus especially in the cultures in which traumatic events are common. The main aim of the current study is to adapt the Cumulative Trauma Scale-Short Form (CTS-S) into Turkish and to investigate its psychometric properties to use in trauma-related researches. In the adaptation process, the scale was translated into Turkish, and clarity of scale was checked. The study sample consisted of 384 participants who have at least one traumatic experience and older than 18 years, recruited through snowball sampling. For examining the reliability of the CTS-S, interrater and internal reliability analyses were conducted. For the validity purposes, correlation analyses were run between the CTS-S and concurrent and discriminant validity scales. Moreover, the most commonly and most frequently experienced traumatic events in Turkish culture were investigated, and gender differences were highlighted. A result of the current study revealed the adapted version of the CTS-S is a reliable and valid instrument. Furthermore, male and female samples were found to be experienced different traumatic events in terms of occurrence and frequency, and evaluation of these events varied across gender. The findings of the present study were discussed in line with related literature and the original study of the CTS-S. Finally, the strengths and limitations of this study were presented, and suggestions for further research were pointed out.

Suggestions

The Experience of Disgust in Women Exposed to Domestic Violence in Turkey
Akça, Seray; Gençöz, Faruk (2021-01-01)
In trauma, fear as a basic emotion that evokes avoidance after exposure to a traumatic event is important for posttraumatic process. Another emotion causing avoidance is disgust. Despite the fact that disgust also plays an important role in trauma, there is limited information about how it is experienced during and after exposure to the traumatic event. In this study, the aim was to understand how women experience disgust during and after domestic violence, as a prolonged and repeated traumatic experience, ...
Prevalence rates of traumatic events, probable PTSD and predictors of posttraumatic stress and growth in a community sample from İzmir
Gül, Ervin; Karancı, Ayşe Nuray; Department of Psychology (2014)
Almost every individual in lifetime has the possibility of experiencing traumatic events which may highly impede coping mechanisms. Many studies indicated the prevalence of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) which is one of psychiatric consequences of traumatic events (TEs), as ranging from 1% to 9%. In recent years, attention to positive changes/transformations following TEs has gained interest. Post Traumatic Growth (PTG) is the concept that taps these transformations. The aim of the present study, is ...
Personal resources, coping self-efficacy, and quake exposure as predictors of psychological distress following the 1999 earthquake in Turkey
SÜMER, NEBİ; Karancı, Ayşe Nuray; Kazak Berument, Sibel; Gunes, H (2005-08-01)
This study examined the predictive power of personal resources (i.e., self-esteem, optimism, and perceived control), severity of earthquake experience (i.e., material and human loss and perceived threat), and coping self-efficacy (CSE) on general distress, intrusion, and avoidance symptoms among the survivors of the 1999 Marmara earthquake in Turkey. Specifically, we expected that CSE would mediate the links between personal resources, severity of earthquake experience, and distress. Survivors (N = 336) fil...
Grieving for the ‘ghost’ of an unknown sibling: an interpretative phenomenological analysis of the transmission of trauma across generations
Çabuk, Onur Can; Gençöz, Tülin; Department of Psychology (2020-9)
Transgenerational trauma is a psychological term asserting that trauma can be transferred across generations. Traumatic loss and grief have important roles in the mechanism of transgenerational trauma. The grief after a child loss may not be resolved in a reasonable time and may continue to affect parents after the birth of other children. The current study aimedto examine the transgenerational transmission of grief in adult children, whose parents lost their first child. This study also focused on the pers...
Stress generation in depression: Three studies on its resilience, possible mechanism, and symptom specificity
Joiner, TE; Wingate, LR; Gençöz, Tülin; Gençöz, Faruk (Guilford Publications, 2005-03-01)
Three longitudinal studies examined several issues related to stress generation in depressive symptoms among undergraduates, with emphasis on mechanisms of stress generation. Study 1 replicated the stress generation effect reported in past research. Study 2 replicated Study 1's findings and, furthermore, supported the symptom specificity of stress generation to depressive versus anxious symptoms, and, perhaps most important, found that increases in hopelessness fully accounted for the stress generation find...
Citation Formats
S. Eltan, “Psychometric properties of the cumulative trauma scale: evaluation of the validity and reliability in a Turkish sample,” Thesis (M.S.) -- Thesis (M.S.) -- Graduate School of Social Sciences. Psychology., Middle East Technical University, 2019.