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Effect of Sm on Crystallization Kinetics of Cu-Zr-Al Metallic Glasses

2020-01-01
Sıkan, F.
Polat, G.
Kalay, I.
Kalay, Yunus Eren
The effect of Sm micro-alloying on non-isothermal and isothermal crystallization kinetics of (Zr50Cu40Al10)(100-x)Sm-x (x = 0, 2, 4 at. % Sm) alloys were investigated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Crystallization activation energies for each composition were calculated in non-isothermal conditions using Kissinger and Ozawa methods and in isothermal conditions using Johnson-Mehl-Avrami model. XRD analysis showed that crystallization product Cu10Zr7 changes to Cu2Sm with Sm presence in isothermal conditions. Both isothermal and isochronal calculations yield that the energy barrier for crystallization has increased with Sm addition. On the other hand, crystallization point drops to lower temperature at the expense of an increase in the pre-exponential factor. The Avrami exponents for all compositions were found to be below 2.5, indicating that crystallization was governed by a diffusion-controlled three-dimensional growth with a decreasing nucleation rate. The apparent increase in crystallization activation energies with increasing Sm content can be one of the affecting factors for commonly held idea of increased glass forming ability for rare-earth containing Zr-based metallic glasses.