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Ethics of artificial intelligence: moral responsibility of self-driving cars and sex robots

Özmen, M. Cem
This thesis analyzes the ethical impacts of the Artificial Intelligence (AI) applications. AI applications are used in many areas to make daily life more comfortable and efficient. They are used for cleaning houses, taking care of old or sick people, working at dangerous jobs replacing human beings, giving medical advisory, preventing fraudulent situations in finance, etc. Similarly, the usage of sex robots, self-driving cars, translation tools, image and emotion recognition applications, etc. are expected to increase in the near future. Even today, many of AI applications have commenced to be used widely in social and business life. Rapid development of AI technologies, especially after the World War II, led to many social and ethical risks and problems for the world. Any analysis of these challenges needs a philosophical basis for a sound development of these applications and their reliable use in society. In this thesis, the ethical impacts of the Artificial Intelligence applications are investigated by focusing on two specific AI applications: self-driving cars and sex robots. These two AI applications are also analyzed from the perspective of moral responsibility. I conclude my analysis with the following claim: Since AI applications do not have conscious abilities, free will, and autonomy as in the same sense of the ones seen in the human beings, they cannot be held morally responsible.