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The Role of argumentation theory in scientific reasoning and science education

Meriç, Gülden Alaz
This thesis analyzes Argumentation Theory within the context of science education. Within this thesis’s purpose, foundations of Argumentation Theory together with the theory’s main elements are also explained. The role of Argumentation Theory is approached in two aspects, namely the philosophical aspect and the educational aspect. In the philosophical aspect, it is questioned whether some reformations in Argumentation Theory is needed for adapting it for science education. In the educational aspect, it is explained that how we can use Argumentation Theory as a tool for a new type of science education. Throughout the thesis, it is defended that argumentation-based science education is beneficial for students in terms of learning scientific content, remembering what is learnt in longer periods with comparison to the traditional way of learning that is not argumentative, and learning how to argue.