The Role of argumentation theory in scientific reasoning and science education

Meriç, Gülden Alaz
This thesis analyzes Argumentation Theory within the context of science education. Within this thesis’s purpose, foundations of Argumentation Theory together with the theory’s main elements are also explained. The role of Argumentation Theory is approached in two aspects, namely the philosophical aspect and the educational aspect. In the philosophical aspect, it is questioned whether some reformations in Argumentation Theory is needed for adapting it for science education. In the educational aspect, it is explained that how we can use Argumentation Theory as a tool for a new type of science education. Throughout the thesis, it is defended that argumentation-based science education is beneficial for students in terms of learning scientific content, remembering what is learnt in longer periods with comparison to the traditional way of learning that is not argumentative, and learning how to argue.


Mücen, Barış (2018-06-01)
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Argumentation encompasses higher order thinking skills, such as generating hypothesis, justifying ideas, synthesizing problems, challenging others’ views, comparing different positions and evaluating hypotheses via empirical evidence (Hewit, 2010). The teacher plays a crucial role in the argumentation process and, thus, should be pedagogically equipped to effectively prepare and implement an argumentation-based instruction. The aim of the present study was to investigate the nature of the argumentation stru...
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Argumentation is an important part of education in different disciplines such as science teaching and psychology. Numerous research studies have revealed that the use of argumentation practices in courses have a positive impact on students' both cognitive (critical thinking, reasoning, etc.) and affective abilities. Recently, the number of studies on argumentation in the field of mathematics education has increased. It is expected that prospective teachers today are key elements of the argumentation process...
Citation Formats
G. A. Meriç, “The Role of argumentation theory in scientific reasoning and science education,” Thesis (M.S.) -- Graduate School of Social Sciences. Philosophy., Middle East Technical University, 2019.