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Examination of organizational safety culture of an automotive company

Öcal Şen, Duygu
This study aimed to build a safety culture level assessment tool for the automotive industry and to apply this tool in an organization of automotive industry. The first part of the study was to create a safety culture matrix by making semi-structured interviews with 45 qualified personnel in an automotive industry company. Each interview contained questions about five levels (Pathological, Reactive, Calculative, Proactive and Generative) of nine dimensions (communication system, occupational health and safety trainings, accident / near miss reporting, machines / equipment safety, workers’ commitment to safety, management commitment to safety, emergency preparedness, priority given to occupational health and safety and ergonomics) about safety culture in automotive industry. After building the safety culture matrix, the application of the matrix conducted by applying a questionnaire and gathering demographic data from interviewees. The questionnaire method was not a regular selection. However, every five cells were printed in different colored pages and the pages were given to interviewees in a mixed order. The second part of the study was completed with 301 personnel worked in the automotive industry. After that, ANOVA, correlation and regression processes completed. Results showed that employees that did not have any accidents evaluated communication dimension significantly higher than those who had an accident. Moreover, employees with more than 10 years of experience evaluated OHS training dimension higher than other levels of company experience and evaluated management commitment significantly higher than employees with 4-10 years of experience. Additionally, company experience was positively correlated with both work accident and near misses. Work accident history was positively correlated with near miss and negatively correlated with communication. It was found that communication negatively and OHS training was positively associated with work accidents. Finally, the findings, limitations and future suggestions were discussed in terms of related literature.