The United States, Turkey and the Cyprus issue from 1949 to 1964 Johnson letter

Download
2019
Özkan, Ali.
This thesis purports to examine the positions of the United States and Turkey towards the Cyprus issue between 1949 and 1964. The study questions whether there was harmony or discord in bilateral relations due to their policy decisions concerning the issue. Accordingly, the thesis analyzes the nature of the American-Turkish alliance established in the 1940s, and examines how the Cyprus issue shaped, and how it was shaped by the positions of these two countries until 1964 Johnson letter. The thesis concludes that the alliance between the US and Turkey did not witness a major conflict until 1964. Throughout the Cyprus issue, American objectives were in line with its Cold War strategies. These were to preserve and increase the American and NATO power in the region. To that end, the US considered Turkey as a legal party that should be taken into account concerning the island. In addition, for Turkey, the US involvement to the issue was of vital significance for a sustainable solution. However, in 1964, the study reveals that the dynamics on the island, particularly Makarios, the US policy shift towards enosis, and the increasing calls for military intervention by Turkey transformed harmony in the alliance to disharmony within the context of the Cyprus issue. The process ended with the Johnson letter. The letter was the most direct involvement of the US in the Cyprus issue towards which the US mostly sustained its Cold War strategies through ‘precautious’ and ‘indirect’ involvement.

Suggestions

The Development of inter-communal fighting in Cyprus : 1948-1970
Çalışkan, Murat; Yalvaç, Faruk; Department of International Relations (2012)
This thesis aims to examine the development of inter-communal fighting in Cyprus between 1948 and 1974. It focuses on the domestic factors of inter-communal fighting by analyzing the gradual evolution of Greek and Turkish Cypriot stances. The thesis argues that the inter-communal fighting of Cyprus is rooted in the historical and domestic factors. This thesis analyzes the continuities and changes in Cyprus politics. This work accordingly will examine the articulation of various political and social factors ...
The Emergence of Turkish nationalism in the Cyprus conflict, the breakthrough from 1948 to 1955
Uçkan, Rafet; Ertuğrul, Kürşad; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2012)
This thesis investigates the construction of the “Turkish side” in the Cyprus conflict in connection with the emergence and rise of Turkish nationalism in the island. In this line, with regard to the development of Turkish Cypriot nationalism and its historical background, this study focuses on the period between 1948 and 1955 in which the political propaganda for making Turkey part of the conflict was carried out by the Turkish nationalist cadres of Cyprus and Turkey. This study attempts to analyze this pr...
The property issue in Cyprus 1974-2012
Sağlam, Süheyla Hande; Boztemur, Recep; Department of Middle East Studies (2012)
This thesis aims to analyze the property issue in the Cyprus conflict from 1974 up to 2012 based on historical and legal factors. First of all, the historical background of the Cyprus conflict will be evaluated with its different dimensions. After the EU and UN’s involvement, the conflict internationalized and regarding the geostrategic importance of the island with the security concerns in the Middle East region the core of today’s conflict became the property issue. In this respect, especially both the Tu...
A Predecessor of the 2nd World War during Atatürk’s Era and a History of Creation of an American Camp: US Chief of Staff’s Turkey Visit Ramifications to the Present
Yorgun, İbrahim (2019-10-01)
It is a social memory among many communities of the 20th century as well as a presentation within the academic circles and publications that the 2nd World War was triggered in the Balkans due to the conflicts among various ethnical groups; and political developments following the war outbreak led the creation of the American and the Soviet camps. This widespread conviction also reveals that the war created a conducive atmosphere for America to rise as a world hegemon power in world ...
The Roots of Anti-Americanism in Turkey 1945-1960
Ünlü Bilgiç, Tuba (2015-12-01)
The conventional wisdom asserts that anti-Americanism in Turkey started as a result of the Cyprus Crisis in 1964. Yet the roots of anti-Americanism can be traced back to the 1945-1960 period, the rosy years of Turkish-American relations. In these years, some in Turkey criticized the government for granting political and economic concessions to the U.S. which were, they thought, reminiscent of the infamous capitulations of the Ottoman period. Furthermore, they argued, Turkey did not become an equal ally but ...
Citation Formats
A. Özkan, “The United States, Turkey and the Cyprus issue from 1949 to 1964 Johnson letter,” Thesis (M.S.) -- Graduate School of Social Sciences. Latin and North American Studies., Middle East Technical University, 2019.