A Study on urban political discourses: entrepreneurial urbanism and opposition in the case of Basmane çukuru in İzmir

Download
2019
Çalıkoğlu, Gökçe
Local authorities, real estate developers, investors, professional chambers, non-governmental organizations and the general public. These are the leading ‘urban actors’ who play specific roles in the (re)production of today’s urban environments. Especially in the processes that involve contradictory urban development initiatives, the conflicting discourses of the actors and their effects on the course of the events become apparent. In the current urban atmosphere where the adopted urban policies aimed at inward investment, growth and capital accumulation; local authorities’ attempts of legitimization provoke new urban oppositions. In order to provide an insight into the roles that influential actors play in urban management and opposition during controversial urban processes, this thesis focuses on an unsolved urban problem for decades: “Basmane Pit” in İzmir. This piece of land, located in the city center, was privatized in the past and subject to several architectural competitions, lawsuits and plan revisions; it has once again settled on the city's agenda with the acquisition by a major construction firm. Despite the firm's efforts to obtain public consent and the local government's support for the project, the professional chambers and non-governmental organizations opposed to it, arguing that it is neither compatible with its immediate environment nor with the city planning principles and bylaws. The present thesis argues that the new high-rise project proposed for Basmane Pit exemplify the use of architectural images in the branding strategies shaped by the demands of competitive global market, which points to the changing social and economic priorities. The aim of the thesis is to analyze the particularities of the entrepreneurial urban development policies and their implication in the consolidation of an urban opposition. In this study, an analysis of the discourses was done to critically evaluate the multilayered processes that this urban case has been through over the years. This thesis also brings an exploration of the ways in which the media influence urban processes as a platform both for the promotion/legitimization and opposition/organization. As a result of the case study, a discussion was raised on whether the urban controversies could be viewed as opportunities for democracy inthe urban public realm.

Suggestions

Spatial formation of the interface between university and city: consideration of the interfaces of Ankara University and METU in their own contexts
Köse, Semra; Günay, Baykan; Department of City and Regional Planning (2010)
Universities have a significant role in society as they are generators of economic activity, as land developers, as neighbors and as property owners. Therefore it is a focal point in the community. Every university lives within a surrounding community. They have been creating their own relations with the neighborhoods. The space that the university confronts with the city is shaped according to the needs of the people from the university and the inhabitants of the area. Between the university and the city, ...
The Changing relationship between urban planning and revenue generation in local government banking: the case of İlbank in post 2011 era
Balambar, Şelale; Balaban, Osman; Department of Urban Policy Planning and Local Governments (2019)
As main providers of local services, local governments play crucial roles in development of cities. However, in many countries, local governments are in need of technical and financial support to sustain their activities. To this aim, local government banking system models were established in various parts of the world. These banking systems can take different forms and show variety according to the social, economic and political structure of the countries. Despite all the differences, the main aim of the e...
The Political construction of urban development projects: The Political construction of urban development projects : the case of İzmir
Penpecioğlu, Mehmet; Keskinok, Hüseyin Çağatay; Department of Urban Policy Planning and Local Governments (2012)
Urban Development Projects (UDPs) have become hegemonic projects of redefining urban political priorities. The political construction of UDPs could not only be investigated through analyzing capital accumulation processes. To reveal how UDPs are politically constructed, this thesis investigates how governmental and non-governmental agents form a hegemonic block to mobilize hegemonic discursive practices and coercive-legislative mechanisms in the formation of UDPs. A Lefebvrian-inspired neo-Gramscian theoret...
The contribution of strategic spatial planning to the establishment of democratic governance structures
Soysal, Begüm; Ataöv Demirkan, Anlı; Department of City and Regional Planning (2008)
This thesis aims to search the contribution of strategic spatial planning to the establishment of democratic governance structures. Within this aim; it discusses strategic spatial planning with respect to its procedural and organizational characteristics and the notion of governance with respect to the issue of participatory democracy. Additionally; it argues that strategic spatial planning includes some conditions including that enhance the development of democratic governance. In doing these; it both cove...
A net-zero building application and its role in exergy-aware local energy strategies for sustainability
Kılkış, Şiir (2012-11-01)
Based on two case studies, this paper explores the nexus of exergy, net-zero targets, and sustainable cities as a means of analyzing the role of exergy-aware strategies at the building and district level. The first case study is a premier building in Ankara that is ready to meet the net-zero exergy target. It is also the first building in Turkey to receive the highest Platinum rating in Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design. A net-zero exergy building (NZEXB) is a building that has an annual sum of ...
Citation Formats
G. Çalıkoğlu, “A Study on urban political discourses: entrepreneurial urbanism and opposition in the case of Basmane çukuru in İzmir,” Thesis (M.Arch.) -- Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences. Architecture., Middle East Technical University, 2019.