An Analysis of Turkish migration and asylum policies in the framework of world systems theory: labour market integration of the Syrians under “temporary protection”

Çam, Faruk
This thesis analyses Turkish migration and refugee policies within the framework of World Systems Theory, with a special focus on Syrian refugee crisis which was started in 2011. Republic of Turkey has experienced a massive influx of Syrian refugees in a short period of time. Republic of Turkey, having still been holding the geographical limitation to the 1951 Geneva Convention, does not recognize Syrian asylum seekers as refugees in the legal sense. Regardless of their legal status, Syrian refugees had to make their livelihood by interacting with labour market, central government and society. In this sense, international migrant and asylum policy making in Turkey has gained momentum recently, and new policies for Syrian refugees do not draw certain provisions for labour market, relations with government and fundamental rights. This situation causes Syrian refugees to be highly exploited by market forces. Although, literature about World System Theory is highly occupied with international migrants, this thesis shows that premises of World Systems Theory are applicable for refugee migration and integration. This thesis tries to examine the correlation between semiperipheral position of Turkey and its implications for further exploitation of Syrian refugees.