How to develop a sustainable rural-urban fringe (ruf) from the perspective of urban and rural actors? the case of Döşemealtı in Antalya

Download
2019
Okudan, Yaşar
Prior to the 1980s, a settlement system used to be defined in ‘urban’ or ‘rural’ terms, or in terms of its scale or its settlement stratification, such as village, district, town, city, etc. While ‘urban’ referred to be an area in which non-agricultural activities took place with certain form and boundaries, ‘rural’ signified an area with definite boundaries in which the urban features were indirectly lacking. From the 1980s onwards, along with the changing forms of production (from Fordist to Post-fordist), the globalization and the effect of neo-liberal urbanization, socio-demographic, economic and spatial structures of cities in all over the world have considerably changed. In this period, the precise indicators and quantitative thresholds that urban studies used to distinguish the notions of rural and urban have become futile. Nowadays, in cities, there is no spatial form that is either classified as core urban fabric or qualified as rural. This spatial change and transformation have been influential in the development of academic debate in urban studies. More than 200 academic studies have focused on the concept 'fringe'. Many of these researches on the fringe are related to its definitions, while some of them study the factors which affect the fringe formation process. Some others examine the relations of urban core and fringe, and seek to understand social, cultural, economic and environmental effects of such relationships on fringe formation. This research, based on a literature review on the fringe development, aims to examine definitions of ‘fringe’, the dimensions (or parameters), which come forward to define the fringe and the way they are used in different research, as well as the planning interventions that have been taken in order to respond to the changes and problems in the fringe of cities. In fast growing cities, how to achieve a sustainable fringe development is an important question to be addressed. This thesis aims to define the parameters which become important for the sustainable development of fringe, and to examine a local district of Antalya metropolitan city, Döşemealtı. Döşemealtı, with a population of 60,000, is located at the border of Antalya. Presenting a typical example of fringe in Turkish metropolitan cities, it acquires a variety of characteristics of fringe. This research seeks to examine the potentials and problems, weaknesses and threats against the sustainable development of a fringe in Döşemealtı, and to develop alternative policies (or scenarios) to achieve a ‘sustainable local development’ within the context of Antalya metropolitan city. It suggests a holistic approach by exploring how urban development impacts on agricultural production and economics, ecology, and social life in urban areas. In addition, this study presents an approach that addresses planning and design principles together on how sustainable development can be achieved in the fringe area

Suggestions

Intervening to urban decline by urban design tools in divided cities: Lefkoşa
Özdemir, Sıla; Yetişkul Şenbil, Emine; Department of City and Regional Planning (2014)
Urban decline in walled cities has been condemned to be a significant phenomenon in different fields as political economy, urban design, city planning and urban sociology. The aim of the study is to determine the association between physical urban space and social urban space in declined walled cities and handle the fact of urban decline in a two dimensional point of view by examining both the social space and physical space as well as the part and the whole in an integrated approach. The integration of soc...
Design policy and process through infill development
Javani Tabrizi, Hadi; Balaban, Osman; Urban Design in City and Regional Planning Department (2019)
In the last few decades, the deterioration of the inner city and increase in population have resulted in urban decay within the city urban fabric which thereby high income citizens abandoned their houses demanding a better quality of life outside the city fabric; thereby leading the old city to be occupied by poorer households or left vacant. Urban decay is linked to suburban sprawl as the economic life is pulled out of the city, instead of a previously developed urban sites within the old city fabric. Infi...
Urban biodiversity and climate change
Puppim De Oliveira, Jose Antonio; Doll, Christopher; Moreno Penaranda, Raquel; Balaban, Osman (Springer, 2014-08-01)
Urban biodiversity refers to the variety and variability among living organisms found in a city and the ecological systems in which they occur. Overall, urban biodiversity responds to a combination of biogeographic and anthropogenic factors, with a strong influence of the latter. In a rapidly urbanizing world under the pressing threat of climate change, there is a growing interest in understanding how cities benefit from local biodiversity and how these benefits can be under threat due to climate change. Th...
Evaluation of sustainability performance of urban regeneration projects: the case of the north entrance of Ankara urban regeneration proect
Korkmaz, Cansu; Balaban, Osman; Department of City and Regional Planning (2015)
Since the 1980s, many urban regeneration projects have been implemented in different kinds of urban areas, such as city centers, housing areas, old-industrial and harbor sites, historical heritage sites. During the last two decades, following the growing attention on urban sustainability, the link between sustainable development and urban regeneration has been strengthened. Urban regeneration projects are attempted to be integrated with social, economic and physical principles of sustainable development. Al...
Comparative Approaches to Gentrification: A Research Framework
Lagendijk, Arnoud; van Melik, Rianne; de Haan, Freek; Ernste, Huib; Ploegmakers, Huub; Kayasü, Serap (Wiley, 2014-07-01)
Comparative research on gentrification is on the rise, especially since gentrification is no longer confined to historical, central neighbourhoods in First World countries, but also appeared in rural, new-built areas and Second World countries. In this paper we present our comparative approach to investigate gentrification processes in four European cities (Arnhem, Istanbul, Vienna, Zurich), which differs from previous studies in its use of assemblage theory as research framework. The multi-layered framewor...
Citation Formats
Y. Okudan, “How to develop a sustainable rural-urban fringe (ruf) from the perspective of urban and rural actors? the case of Döşemealtı in Antalya,” Thesis (M.S.) -- Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences. City and Regional Planning., Middle East Technical University, 2019.