Uncertainty quantification of transient unsaturated seepage through embankment dams

Sensitivity analysis is conducted to investigate the effects of uncertainty in hydraulic conductivity and van Genuchten parameters on transient seepage. To this end, a random number generator is used to generate random values from probability distributions of each parameter. The generator is coupled with finite-element software that handles seepage analysis in porous media. The Monte Carlo simulation approach is adopted for stochastic seepage analyses. The suggested method is applied on a homogeneous dam made of clayey sand. Uncertainties in each parameter are considered individually in different cases for rapid drawdown and rapid fill conditions. The results show that a variation of hydraulic conductivity has significant effects on transient seepage, and it is suggested that it should be treated as a random variable. However, the effects of the van Genuchten parameters on seepage are found to be insignificant, such that they can be treated as deterministic variables.
International Journal of Geomechanics


Ünlü, Kahraman; BIGGAR, JW; MORKOC, F (Wiley, 1990-11-01)
The knowledge of the statistical parameters of the variance, sigma-2, and the correlation scale, lambda, characterizing the spatial structures of the log of the saturated hydraulic conductivity, lnK(s), pore size distribution parameter alpha, and the specific water capacity, C, is required in stochastic modeling in order to understand the overall response of large-scale heterogenous unsaturated flow systems. These parameters are estimated assuming second-order stationarity and an exponential semivariogram ...
Effective Stress and Shear Strength of Moist Uniform Spheres
Toker, Nabi Kartal; Culligan, Patricia J. (Wiley, 2014-05-01)
In continuum soil mechanics, the mechanical behavior of an element of soil is related to the effective stress, which is a measure of the average stress transmitted through the solid matrix in the form of contact stresses. In unsaturated soils, the coexistence of water and air within the soil pore space complicates this concept because the microscopic distribution of each fluid phase in soil pores cannot be known. Because it is thus not possible to physically measure effective stress in unsaturated soils, it...
Assessment of core-filter configuration performance of rock-fill dams under uncertainties
Çalamak, Melih; Yanmaz, Ali Melih (American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2018-04-01)
Probabilistic analyses are conducted for seepage through a rock-fill dam having two different core-filter configurations: one sloping and the other a central symmetrical core-filter arrangement. Uncertainties in core and filter are considered, assuming their hydraulic conductivities as random variables. For this purpose, finite-element software used for groundwater flow and seepage analyses is coupled with a random-number-generation algorithm. Monte Carlo simulations are performed for probabilistic seepage ...
Spatial sensitivity of seismic hazard results to different background seismic activity and temporal earthquake occurrence models
Yilmaz, Nazan; Yücemen, Mehmet Semih (Elsevier BV, 2011-07-01)
Spatial sensitivity of seismic hazard results to different models with respect to background seismic activity and earthquake occurrence in time is investigated. For the contribution of background seismic activity to seismic hazard, background area source with uniform seismicity and spatially smoothed seismicity models are taken into consideration. For the contribution of faults, through characteristic earthquakes, both the memoryless Poisson and the time dependent renewal models are utilized. A case study, ...
Perfect gas navier-stokes solutions hypersonic boundary layer and compression corner flows
Aziz, Şaduman; Çelenligil, Mehmet Cevdet; Department of Aerospace Engineering (2005)
The purpose of this thesis is to perform numerical solutions of hypersonic, high temperature, perfect gas flows over various geometries. Three dimensional, thin layer, compressible, Navier-Stokes equations are solved. An upwind finite difference approach with Lower Upper-Alternating Direction Implicit (LU-ADI) decomposition is used. Solutions of laminar, hypersonic, high temperature, perfect gas flows over flat plate and compression corners (qw=5°, 10°, 14°, 15°, 16°, 18° and 24°) with eight different free-...
Citation Formats
M. Çalamak and A. M. Yanmaz, “Uncertainty quantification of transient unsaturated seepage through embankment dams,” International Journal of Geomechanics, pp. 1–11, 2017, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/44896.