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Turbulent years in Egypt, 2000-2011: social protests and their effects on the uprising of january 25, 2011

Oğur, Gülfer
This thesis argues that the notion of an “Arab Awakening” in the Arab uprisings that started in Tunisia in 2010 and spread to Egypt and across the region is not a fair assessment. Protest movements had already been going on for many years in the countries where these uprisings took place. This thesis considers each of these uprisings to be a separate case and therefore argues that the processes that each country underwent should be evaluated within the framework of that country’s own internal dynamics. In this context, the thesis deals with the waves of protests during the period leading up to the January 25 uprisings in Egypt, particularly in the last decade, and especially with the changing of protest culture. The thesis claims that Egypt’s protest culture began to spread with the Second Palestinian Intifada in 2000, and then with the US invasion of Iraq the direction of the protests started to change from anti-Israel and anti-USA to anti-Mubarak regime, which protesters now perceived as the main problem. In this context, the thesis deals with the events that intensified the revolution, with the aim of evaluating these events from the inside through interviews with youth members from the April 6 Youth Movement, the Muslim Brotherhood, Independents, and Revolutionary Socialists