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The Transformation of the built environment in Amasya from the late Ottoman Empire to the early Turkish Republic

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2019
Kalkan Açıkkapı, Duygu.
This study focuses on the transformation of the built environment in the northern Anatolian town of Amasya from the late period of the Ottoman Empire to the early period of the Turkish Republic. The aim is to evaluate the settlement history of Amasya as a city with distinctive geographical characteristics, by analyzing the transformation of its built environment in relation to the changing socio-cultural, economic and political contexts. The analysis starts by focusing on the essential urban nodes formed by public buildings and places in the city center and the neighborhoods as the newly emerged defining elements in the Ottoman and Republican urban contexts. Then, the focus is widened to understand the determining urban routes experienced along the waterfront as the main element of city form, in the landscapes of public use, and through the transportation network provided in the city during the chronological frame of the study. Examining the transformation of the built environment in Amasya via the urban nodes and routes of the city from the late Ottoman to the early Republican periods, the study analyses the changing layers of the city in order to evaluate what was preserved, re-used and lost in the process of change.