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Governing beyond borders: a foucauldian analysis of the historical changes of Mexico’s governmental rationality towards its diaspora in the United States.

Erzin, Müfide Ceren
This thesis seeks to contribute to migration studies literature by focusing on the case of Mexican expatriates living in the United States of America. It examines the birth and development of Mexican migrant community in the United States and the change of homeland states’s attitude towards the Mexican diaspora community from a Foucauldian perspective. The main argument of this thesis is that; the deep rooted phenomenon of Mexican migration to the United States led to the formation of Mexican diaspora in the U.S. and there is a power relation between Mexican state and its diaspora in which the state has been governing its diaspora beyond borders, conducting the conduct of diaspora population through different techniques of governing. After rediscovering the population beyond, Mexican state developed a governmental rationality towards this population by using subjectification and biopolitical practices such as population building, establishing close bonds inside the community and applying generalizing controlling policies towards those people. By forming a self-control mechanism for the diaspora;Mexican people living in the United States were directed to participate and reproduce those mechanisms willingly. By creating populations and building selfgoverning mechanisms, states might get involved in diaspora politics and after some phases, members of the diaspora apply those techniques to themselves without the need of any involvement. This thesis will examine the evolution and the current situation of Mexican diaspora in the United States of America by solely focusing on diaspora-homeland state relation and try to bring an interpretation from a Foucauldian point of view.