The role of local governments in clima techange adaptation: achievements and barriers in the turkish case

Özdemir Eroğlu, Gülin.
Global warming is manifesting visible consequences at regional and local scales. Cities are considered among major contributors of climate change while also being a victim of it. It is vital to anticipate the adverse impacts of climate change in cities and take appropriate actions to prevent or minimize the damage they may be exposed. The Mediterranean Basin, in which Turkey is located, is one of the regions with the highest vulnerability to climate change. Turkey’s First National Communication on Climate Change prepared in 2007 specifies the impacts of climate change in Turkey as; increasing summer temperatures, decreasing winter precipitation in western provinces, loss of surface water, increased frequency of droughts, land degradation, coastal erosion and floods. Climate problem is global but its solution is local. Municipalities are in charge of controlling and managing various processes in urban areas which may affect GHG emissions and climate vulnerability as part of urban planning and management processes. However existing studies and implementations are far from being affective in terms of climate change adaptation. The purpose of this study is to investigate barriers, inadequacies and achievements on climate change adaptation from the conjuncture of different types of local governments, based on a literature review and a case study involving questionnaire with the experts from three kinds of municipalities (metropolitan, provincial and metropolitan district) in Turkey. Therefore, main questions of the thesis are as follows: “What are the reasons for lack of enough actions by municipalities to ensure adaptation to climate change?” and “Are these reasons vary according to the scale or political context of the municipality?”. In this context; lack of capacity and citizen demand, budget constraints, lack of coordination between units/directorates within the municipality, limited cooperation with other municipalities, insufficiency of sanctions or support of central government and inadequate legislation are determined as the main barriers towards an effective adaptation in the Turkish context. Reasons also differ by political parties and scales of municipalities.


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Climate change is one of the greatest challenges in the twenty-first century. Immediate actions are required to slow down climate change and address its impacts on human life and settlements. Cities can play crucial roles in this respect, as they not just contribute to causes of climate change but also are under severe threat from its impacts. Urban regeneration projects can provide opportunities to make cities more climate-friendly and less vulnerable. However, the potential role of urban regeneration in t...
Adaptation to Climate Change Barriers in the Turkish Local Context
Balaban, Osman (2015-11-01)
Climate change is one of the greatest environmental challenges that we face today. A certain level of climate change is now unavoidable. Along with mitigation efforts to curb further global warming, we have to take actions to adapt to the changing climatic conditions. Cities are on the front lines of climate change impacts. Therefore, the role of cities in climate change adaptation has been widely acknowledged in the last two decades. There are various obstacles that prevent city governments to develop adap...
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Climate change and its related events have made significant impacts on rural areas in socio-economic as well as environmental terms. Even though agriculture sector is a cause of climate change, agricultural production itself has also been adversely affected by the climate problem. Climate change also affects rural development and conservation policies in terms of the problem it causes such as natural disasters, migration, poverty, diseases, and food security. Moreover, the rural and agricultural impacts of ...
Citation Formats
G. Özdemir Eroğlu, “The role of local governments in clima techange adaptation: achievements and barriers in the turkish case,” Thesis (M.S.) -- Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences. Earth System Science., Middle East Technical University, 2019.