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An investigation about sense of inclusion of nature and environmental motive concern for middle school students: a case of refugees and native students.

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2020
Bülbül, Ayşenur
Environmental problems are one of the most important problems that humanity faced. To address these problems, it is important to assess human-nature relationships and to understand the degree of people’s sense of inclusion with nature and what motivates individuals to concern about and protect the environment.This study aimed to investigate middle school students’ sense of inclusion of nature (i.e., to what extent they feel connected to nature), and to assess their environmental motive concerns (i.e., concerns about the effects of environmental problems for themselves, for other people, or for all living things). current study also aims to discover if being a native or refugee affects students’ sense of inclusion of nature and environmental motive concern. The results revealed that regarding their sense of inclusion, students feel connected and give importance to nature and their own impact on all living things. Although, there is no statistically significant effect of country of origin on students’ sense of inclusion of nature, native students tended to have higher sense of inclusion of nature than refugee students. Regarding their environmental motive concern, middle school students seemed to be concerned about environmental issues. The results of the study revealed that their feelings of concern were highly depending on their altruistic motives. Besides, native studentswere found to be more concern about environmental issues when compare with refugees. Also, there was a statistically significant effect of country of origin on students’ three environmental concern levels; which are egoistic, altruistic, biospheric in favor of natives.