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Women's movement in Iran: a comparative study of the reformist era and the green movement

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2020
Tekil, Dicle Burcu
In this thesis, two periods of Iranian women’s movement are examined; the Reform period and the Green Movement. The reason for selecting these two specific period is due to important improvements in liberties that the society experienced during the Reform period and almost the complete opposite situation they experienced with the Ahmadinejad era, the same era that Green Movement took place. Hence, women’s experiences in these periods were significant. These periods are examined through themes. In the Reform period’s women’s movement’s characteristics are; fragmentation, pragmatism and multi-strategy. Green Movement’s women’s movement’s characteristics are; diversity, political change, independence, disperse coalition and retreat due to repression. By looking at these two periods through the themes that are established to analyze the unique characteristics of these periods further, it is possible to see that women’s movement in Iran is quite active. They have been fighting for gender equality for more than a century. This fact is apparent when looking at these periods comparatively. It is understood that women’s movement in these periods, although differed in some aspects, showed similarities with each other.