Hide/Show Apps

The effect of the nomadic/settled contradiction on the transformation of the Kazakh identity: a reinterpretation

Download
2020
Özkan, Alparslan
The aim of this thesis is to examine the effect of historical contradiction between nomadism and sedentarism on the transformation of the nomadic Kazakh identity by using the theoretical approaches of Ibn Khaldun and Anatoly M. Khazanov. From the 18th century to the first half of the 20th century, the relation of the Kazakh society with Tsarist Russia and the Soviet Union was one of the most clear examples of this historical conflict. The Kazakhs, who had a pastoral nomadic lifestyle during these periods, were faced with the policies formulated by these two states against their social, political and economic orders. As a result, they lost their nomadic identity. This case, which emerged as a result of the historical contradiction between nomadism and sedentarism, is explained by considering two main reasons. The first is related to the state policies which increased the tensions between these two societies. The second reason is the inner structures in nomadic societies, which prevented close relations with the settled world. In order to associate the contradictory relationship between the Kazakhs and the Russian states with these two reasons, first problematic relations between nomadism and sedentarism are historically analyzed by using the theoretical arguments of Ibn Khaldun and Anatoly M. Khazanov. Then, the relations of the Kazakh society with Tsarist Russia and the Soviet Union and the transformation of the nomadic identity of Kazakhs are examined by considering the theoretical arguments and historical cases explained in the second chapter. In this study, boks and articles published in Turkish and English languages and some official websites are used and the analsis is made by deductive reasoning.