Security in and around Afghanistan after Nato withdrawal

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2019
Bildirici, Dursun Alper
This thesis aims to examine the effects of the NATO forces’ withdrawal from Afghanistan on the security situation in and Afghanistan’s immediate surroundings. The argument of this thesis is that; the withdrawal of NATO forces from Afghanistan has led to a significant deterioration in the security situation in the country, which has also become a security problem for Afghanistan’s neighbors. Contrary to the views of some academics who argue that Afghanistan is a victim of its neighbors, this thesis argues that the security of Afghanistan, a peripheral country to the security dynamics of the neighboring regions, could be better understood by explaining the security vacuum created by the security prioritization of the neighboring regions in favor of other regional issues. This argument implies that non-regional great power meddling in Afghanistan’s security has long been driven by the need to fill in this security vacuum in Afghanistan. The great power interest and capacity to enhance security in Afghanistan tend to diminish when the great powers develop interest in other regions and their specific security interests in Afghanistan are ensured at a tolerable level. The thesis consists of six chapters. The first chapter is followed by a chapter in which the historical background of Afghanistan is presented. The third part examines the impact of international actors on Afghanistan’s security. The fourth part deals with Afghanistan’s security on national scale. The effects of regional countries are examined in fifth section. In the final section, results of the study are presented.