Nuclear family emotional processes and marital satisfaction: the mediator roles of interrelational and self-developmental orientations

Kurşuncu, Mustafa Alperen
The primary purpose of the current study was to examine the mediating role of self-construals (interrelational and self-developmental orientations) in the relationship between nuclear family emotional processes (i.e., symptoms in spouses, focus on the child, marital conflict, emotional cutoff) and marital satisfaction. The current sample composed of married individuals; six hundred and eighteen participants completed the measures of Family Genogram Interview (FGI), Relationship Assessment Scale (RAS), Balanced Integration Differentiation Scale, and Demographic Information Form. A pilot study was conducted (n = 402) to adapt the Family Genogram Interview into Turkish, and the results revealed that FGI has adequate psychometric characteristics in a Turkish sample. Results of the SEM analysis with the Bootstrapping sampling method revealed that nuclear family emotional processes and self-construals variables explained 84% of the variance in marital satisfaction. Among the variables, emotional contact (marital conflict + emotional cutoff) was the strongest predictor of marital satisfaction. Regarding the result of indirect effects, the interrelational orientation partially mediated the relationship between emotional contact, symptom in the spouse, and marital satisfaction. Furthermore, self-developmental orientation fully mediated the relationship between the focus on child and marital satisfaction—the findings of the current study were delineated in light of the relevant literature.