Functionality of batters containing different starch types for deep-fat frying of chicken nuggets

The effect of various starch types (amylomaize, corn, waxymaize, pregelatinized tapioca) on quality attributes (texture, moisture content, oil content, color, coating pick up, cooking yield, volume and porosity) of deep-fat fried chicken nuggets were studied. Chicken samples, 0.04 m in diameter and 0.015 m in thickness, taken from the breast portion, were coated with batters composed of a 3:5 solid to water ratio by immersion. The solid content of batter formulations contained equal amounts of corn and wheat flour, 5.0% starch, 1.0% salt and 0.5% leavening agent. As control, batter without starch addition, was used. Samples were fried at 180degreesC for 3, 6, 9 and 12 minutes. Crispness and oil content of chicken nuggets increased, whereas moisture content decreased with increasing frying time. Starch addition to the formulations increased crispness of the product significantly at the last stages of frying. The highest porosity and oil content was obtained when corn starch was used. Pregelatinized tapioca starch was found to provide a product with the lowest oil content, the highest moisture content, coating pick up and volume.


Optimization of microwave frying of osmotically dehydrated potato slices by using response surface methodology
Öztop, Halil Mecit; Şahin, Serpil; Şümnü, Servet Gülüm (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2007-04-01)
Microwave frying of osmotically dehydrated potatoes was optimized by using response surface methodology. Osmotic dehydration was applied prior to microwave frying in order to reduce oil uptake and to evaluate the effect of osmotic dehydration on quality of microwave fried potatoes. Moisture content, oil content, hardness and color of the fried potatoes were used as quality parameters. Microwave power level (400, 550, 700 W), frying time (1.5, 2.0, 2.5 min) and osmotic dehydration time (15, 30, 45 min) were ...
Effects of different batter formulations on the quality of deep-fat-fried carrot slices
Akdeniz, N; Şahin, Serpil; Şümnü, Servet Gülüm (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2005-07-01)
The effects of batter coating containing pregelatinized tapioca starch or maltodextrin at different concentrations (1, 3 or 5%) on product quality of deep-fat-fried carrot slices were evaluated. Coated slices were fried for 2, 3 and 4 min at 170 degrees C. Coating pickup of batter formulations and moisture and oil contents, porosity, texture and colour of fried slices were determined. Batter without pregelatinized starch or maltodextrin addition was used as the control. Addition of 5% pregelatinized tapioca...
Production of bread crumbs by infrared-assisted microwave drying
Tireki, S; Şümnü, Servet Gülüm; Esin, A (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2006-01-01)
This study is aimed to investigate the possibility of using infrared-assisted microwave drying for production of bread crumbs and to determine drying conditions in halogen lamp-microwave combination oven to produce bread crumbs with the highest quality. Bread crumb dough were dried from about 40.9 to 8% moisture content by conventional, microwave, infrared and infrared-assisted microwave drying separately and in combinations. Halogen lamp and microwave power levels of 30, 50 and 70% were used. Percent reduc...
Optimization of bread baking in a halogen lamp-microwave combination oven by response surface methodology
Demirekler, P; Şümnü, Servet Gülüm; Şahin, Serpil (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2004-09-01)
The main objective of this study was to optimize the baking conditions of bread in a halogen lamp-microwave combination oven. Independent variables were the baking time (4, 4.5, 5, 5.5, and 6 min), the power of the microwaves (20, 30, 40, 50, and 60%), and the power of the upper and lower halogen lamps (40, 50, 60, 70, and 80%). The quality parameters measured were the weight loss, the color, the specific volume, the porosity, and the texture profile of the breads. For the optimization, the response surface...
Effects of sugar, protein and water content on wheat starch gelatinization due to microwave heating
Şümnü, Servet Gülüm; Bayindirli, L (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 1999-01-01)
Understanding the interactions between sugar, starch, protein and water, which are the main components of a baked product, will advance the development of high quality, microwaveable products. This paper presents a mathematical model describing the quantitative relationships between water, sugar and protein on the gelatinization of wheat starch following 20 s of microwave heat as determined by differential scanning calorimetry. Addition of sugar decreased the degree of gelatinization of starch due to microw...
Citation Formats
B. Altunakar, S. Şahin, and S. G. Şümnü, “Functionality of batters containing different starch types for deep-fat frying of chicken nuggets,” EUROPEAN FOOD RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY, pp. 318–322, 2004, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: