Event components in autobiographical memories

Dijkstra, Katinka
Mısırlısoy, Mine
Autobiographical memories contain activity, location, temporal, and participant information (Lancaster & Barsalou, 1997). Our study analysed potential dominance of activity information in autobiographical memories. The results indicated stability in dominance of the activity component, defined as similar occurrence in first and subsequent reports, and a relative absence of the temporal component in these verbal reports. Activity dominance also occurred when activity information from the verbal reports was used as a retrieval cue for a subsequent report. Temporal information demonstrated a greater lack of facilitation as a retrieval cue. These findings can be explained from the perspective of embodied cognition in which underlying perceptual states that contain activity, location, and other participant information are reconstructed during retrieval, whereas temporal information, as a more abstract component, is not.


How three generations narrate their vicarious family stories: intrafamilial similarities, gender and cross-generational differences
Bakir-Demir, Tugce; Reese, Elaine; Şahin Acar, Başak (Informa UK Limited, 2020-04-01)
This study investigated the memory characteristics of vicarious family stories. Seventy-two families including three generations of women and men from different samples of families were recruited. Results can be described in three main sections: (a) intrafamilial similarities; (b) gender differences; and (c) cross-generational differences. For intrafamilial similarities, members of the same family showed similarities in terms of the volume and number of other-related words. For gender differences, women foc...
Hooper, Nic; McHugh, Louise (The Psychological Record, 2013-12-01)
Recent research suggests that attempting to avoid unwanted psychological events is maladaptive. Contrastingly, cognitive defusion, which is an acceptance-based method for managing unwanted thoughts, may provide a plausible alternative. The current study was designed to compare defusion and experiential avoidance as strategies for coping with unwanted thoughts during a learned helplessness preparation. Before entering the learned helplessness preparation, participants were provided with 1 of 3 instructions: ...
Prospective duration judgments: The role of temporality and executive demands of concurrent tasks
Duzcu, Haul; Hohenberger, Annette Edeltraud (Elsevier BV, 2014-03-01)
It is known that concurrent non-temporal tasks shorten reproduced temporal durations in prospective duration judgments. Two experiments were carried out, one comparing a concurrent temporal task to a minimally demanding concurrent task (Experiment 1) and one comparing an executive concurrent (Simon) task with a less demanding non-executive concurrent task (Experiment 2). An effect of the concurrent task type on temporal reproductions was found. Furthermore, a duration length effect was found, where longer d...
Aging Slows Access to Temporal Information From Working Memory
Kılıç Özhan, Aslı; Oztekin, Ilke (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2017-11-01)
To evaluate the impact of aging on controlled memory search operations, we investigated the retrieval of temporal order information from working memory (WM).
The role of culture and self-construal in autobiographical memories of US and Turkish college students
Şahin Acar, Başak (Informa UK Limited, 2013-11-01)
This study examined memory variables both cross-culturally and across four cultural self-construal types. US (N=240) and Turkish (N=174) college students described their earliest childhood memory, and another significant childhood memory, and completed the Balanced Integration-Differentiation (BID) Scale (Imamoglu, 1998; 2003), which measured relatedness and individuation, and allowed for the classification of students into four different self-construal types (Related-Individuated, Separated-Individuated, R...
Citation Formats
K. Dijkstra and M. Mısırlısoy, “Event components in autobiographical memories,” MEMORY, pp. 846–852, 2006, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/46082.